Trivium Art History
The Artists

Liubov Popova1889 — 1924

We shall remake the world

Painterly Architectonic, 1917

We shall remake the world

Art in the time of revolution

Art has always been a tool for the revolutionary minded. In 1917, the October Socialist Revolution turned Russia upside-down, an insurrection expressed in the Suprematist movement — aggressive, angular visions of the new industrial society, wielded by activist artists.

Enter Liubov Popova — a classically trained painter, influenced by the Italian Renaissance and Russian icon painting. Liubov was 27 when she embedded herself in the radical avant guard that was developing in her home city of Moscow. She had broad a history of travel, and the intellectual clout to earn her an influential position in the new Supremus group. Together with it’s founder Kazimir Malevich, Liubov and a growing number of Supremacist artists worked to divorce art from figurative representation, and search for pure feeling.

In the beginning this effort looked like Cubism, and Futurism, as seen in Liubov’s 1913 Composition with Figures. But even two years later, Liubov’s Traveling Woman shows a hardening in style. By 1917 the distillation of Supremacist thought is clear. Abstract planes of color are vividly anti-materialist and powerfully unstable.

Art in service of society

In the wake of the revolution, Liubov’s politics matured, and so did her craft. She was married in 1918 at age 29, and three years later she adopted the Constructionist views of the new communist regime.

Liubov’s evolution is a near perfect window into the evolving attitudes of communist Russia — as a Constructivist, Liubov believing that art should exist solely in service of the common society. She put down her canvases and partnered with Moscow’s First State Textile Printing Works. Textile work gave her access to mass production, and she fought to eliminate organic forms and naturalistic imagery in favor of powerful, bold geometries.

Liubov Popova’s society-first approach to art and design would expand until her death in 1924 — a legacy that grew to include books, typography, clothing design and stage designs.

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Composition with Figures

Composition with Figures

1913
Stillleben mit Gitarre

Stillleben mit Gitarre

1914-1915
Traveling Woman

Traveling Woman

1915
Untitled

Untitled

1915
Painterly Architectonic

Painterly Architectonic

1916
Painterly Architectonics

Painterly Architectonics

1917
Composition in Black Gold and Brown

Composition in Black Gold and Brown

1917
Painterly Architectonic

Painterly Architectonic

1917
Linear Composition

Linear Composition

1919
Composition in Blue Yellow and Black

Composition in Blue Yellow and Black

1920
Composition in Red Black and Gold

Composition in Red Black and Gold

1920
Spatial-Force Construction

Spatial-Force Construction

1921
Space Force Construction

Space Force Construction

1921

The organization of artistic elements must be applied to the design of the material elements of everyday life.

Notes on Constructivist Art

1921
1801
Prophet of the violent, industrial future
Antonio Sant'Elia
Enchanted space in the city of Nietzsche
Giorgio de Chirico
Liubov Popova
Dissecting the 'new woman' through collage
Hannah Höch
Genius dead at 28
Egon Schiele
2000

The artists of Cubism

The artists of Suprematism

The artists of Constructivism