Trivium Art History
Themes in Art

Badass Female Artists

Hildegard von BingenPortrait of Hildegard von Bingen

Hildegard von Bingen

Scientist, feminist, typographer, musician — saint

1098-1179
Herrad of LandsbergPortrait of Herrad of Landsberg

Herrad of Landsberg

A French abbess creates the first female-authored encyclopedia

1130-1195
Lavinia FontanaPortrait of Lavinia Fontana

Lavinia Fontana

Matriarch of the family business, "Painting"

1552-1614
Sofonisba AnguissolaPortrait of Sofonisba Anguissola

Sofonisba Anguissola

Intimate portraitist and confidant to the queen

1532-1625
Fede GaliziaPortrait of Fede Galizia

Fede Galizia

A woman in Italy invents the still life

1578-1630
Artemisia GentileschiPortrait of Artemisia Gentileschi

Artemisia Gentileschi

Heads will roll

1593-1656
Clara PeetersPortrait of Clara Peeters

Clara Peeters

A mysterious woman paints hyperrealistic brunch

1589-1657
Judith LeysterPortrait of Judith Leyster

Judith Leyster

Jovial portraitist forgotten for 200 years

1609-1660
Elisabetta SiraniPortrait of Elisabetta Sirani

Elisabetta Sirani

The mysterious death of a young art teacher

1638-1665
Giovanna GarzoniPortrait of Giovanna Garzoni

Giovanna Garzoni

Travel, socialize, paint lemons and beans

1600-1670
Louise MoillonPortrait of Louise Moillon

Louise Moillon

The original peaches-as-butts emoji

1610-1696
Mary BealePortrait of Mary Beale

Mary Beale

Mary brings home the bacon

1633-1699
Susan Penelope RossePortrait of Susan Penelope Rosse

Susan Penelope Rosse

Tiny paintings of presumably normal-sized people

1652-1700
Maria Sibylla MerianPortrait of Maria Sibylla Merian

Maria Sibylla Merian

A botanist gets a divorce and travels the world

1647-1717
Rachel RuyschPortrait of Rachel Ruysch

Rachel Ruysch

Paint flowers, make money

1664-1750
Rosalba Carriera

Rosalba Carriera

Pastel portraits keep you looking young and fresh

1673-1757
Angelica KauffmannPortrait of Angelica Kauffmann

Angelica Kauffmann

A feminist prodigy charms the European elite

1741-1807
Élisabeth Vigée Le BrunPortrait of Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Painted for Marie Antoinette and never made a dime

1755-1842
Katsushika Ōi

Katsushika Ōi

Daughter of a master brings a new perspective to Edo Japan

1800-1866
Marie BashkirtseffPortrait of Marie Bashkirtseff

Marie Bashkirtseff

"To live so filled with ambition, and at the end, oblivion!"

1858-1884
Berthe MorisotPortrait of Berthe Morisot

Berthe Morisot

The soul of Impressionism

1841-1895
Elena BrockmannPortrait of Elena Brockmann

Elena Brockmann

Grabbing history painting by the horns

1865-1896
Rosa BonheurPortrait of Rosa Bonheur

Rosa Bonheur

Love animals, wear pants, live without compromise

1822-1899
Mary Edmonia LewisPortrait of Mary Edmonia Lewis

Mary Edmonia Lewis

African-American and Native American woman takes over the world of Italian sculpture

1844-1907
Paula Modersohn-BeckerPortrait of Paula Modersohn-Becker

Paula Modersohn-Becker

Why do Expressionists die young?

1876-1907
Marie BracquemondPortrait of Marie Bracquemond

Marie Bracquemond

A passionate Impressionist's legacy buried by her husband

1840-1916
Olga RozanovaPortrait of Olga Rozanova

Olga Rozanova

The intellectual mother of Abstract Expressionism

1886-1918
Evelyn De MorganPortrait of Evelyn De Morgan

Evelyn De Morgan

"Art is eternal, but life is short…"

1855-1919
Sarah BernhardtPortrait of Sarah Bernhardt

Sarah Bernhardt

Actress on stage and screen moonlights as a sculptor

1844-1923
Liubov PopovaPortrait of Liubov Popova

Liubov Popova

We shall remake the world

1889-1924
Ivana KobilcaPortrait of Ivana Kobilca

Ivana Kobilca

"I wanted to see everything in the world"

1861-1926
Elsa von Freytag-LoringhovenPortrait of Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven

Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven

A living collage

1874-1927
María BlanchardPortrait of María Blanchard

María Blanchard

A crooked girl find expression in color

1881-1932
Anna AncherPortrait of Anna Ancher

Anna Ancher

Quiet portraits of daily life

1859-1935
Jennie Augusta BrownscombePortrait of Jennie Augusta Brownscombe

Jennie Augusta Brownscombe

Sentimentality and Colonialism

1850-1936
Suzanne ValadonPortrait of Suzanne Valadon

Suzanne Valadon

Provocative model becomes a transgressive artist

1865-1938
Gwendolen Mary John

Gwendolen Mary John

Studies of silent women

1876-1939
Amrita Sher-GilPortrait of Amrita Sher-Gil

Amrita Sher-Gil

A woman brings Indian tradition into modernism

1913-1941
Florine StettheimerPortrait of Florine Stettheimer

Florine Stettheimer

Non-competitive art for the literati, gay and polyglot

1871-1944
Hilma af KlintPortrait of Hilma af Klint

Hilma af Klint

The world isn't ready

1862-1944
Anne GoldthwaitePortrait of Anne Goldthwaite

Anne Goldthwaite

Artist turns modernism into equal rights activism

1869-1944
Mainie JellettPortrait of Mainie Jellett

Mainie Jellett

The woman who brought modern art to Ireland

1897-1944
Milena Pavlović-BariliPortrait of Milena Pavlović-Barili

Milena Pavlović-Barili

The unblinking gaze of fashion

1909-1945
Emily CarrPortrait of Emily Carr

Emily Carr

Hard-smoking woman documents Canada's native people

1871-1945
Sigrid HjerténPortrait of Sigrid Hjertén

Sigrid Hjertén

A genius colorist fights schizophrenia

1885-1948
Aleksandra EksterPortrait of Aleksandra Ekster

Aleksandra Ekster

Rhythm and dynamic movement

1882-1949
Frida KahloPortrait of Frida Kahlo

Frida Kahlo

The exquisite agony of self-portraits

1907-1954
Marie LaurencinPortrait of Marie Laurencin

Marie Laurencin

Cubist Feminist

1883-1956
Varvara StepanovaPortrait of Varvara Stepanova

Varvara Stepanova

Art for the people, people for the state

1894-1958
Madge GillPortrait of Madge Gill

Madge Gill

An orphan talks to angels

1882-1961
Natalia GoncharovaPortrait of Natalia Goncharova

Natalia Goncharova

Art-Punk in Futurist Moscow

1881-1962
Kay SagePortrait of Kay Sage

Kay Sage

"I have built an ivory tower of despair"

1898-1963
Remedios VaroPortrait of Remedios Varo

Remedios Varo

The unconscious mind and a horsehair brush

1908-1963
Irma SternPortrait of Irma Stern

Irma Stern

Look at me

1894-1966
Zinaida SerebriakovaPortrait of Zinaida Serebriakova

Zinaida Serebriakova

Widowed mother of four leaves Russia for Paris

1884-1967
Romaine BrooksPortrait of Romaine Brooks

Romaine Brooks

Fiercely independent lesbian paints Paris in shades of gray

1874-1970
Eva HessePortrait of Eva Hesse

Eva Hesse

Living materials

1936-1970
Tarsila do AmaralPortrait of Tarsila do Amaral

Tarsila do Amaral

"I want to be the painter of my country"

1886-1973
Barbara HepworthPortrait of Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth

The ovoid and its penetration

1903-1975
Gluck (Hannah Gluckstein)Portrait of Gluck (Hannah Gluckstein)

Gluck (Hannah Gluckstein)

Yes, you can be both a social icon and a great painter.

1895-1978
Alma ThomasPortrait of Alma Thomas

Alma Thomas

Tackling abstraction at 75

1891-1978
Hannah HöchPortrait of Hannah Höch

Hannah Höch

Dissecting the 'new woman' through collage

1889-1978
Tamara de LempickaPortrait of Tamara de Lempicka

Tamara de Lempicka

Rediscover the elegance with luminous and brilliant colors

1898-1980
Élisabeth ChaplinPortrait of Élisabeth Chaplin

Élisabeth Chaplin

A life's worth of paintings dedicated to Florence

1890-1982
María Luisa PachecoPortrait of María Luisa Pacheco

María Luisa Pacheco

Uniquely Bolivian abstraction

1919-1982
Charmion von WiegandPortrait of Charmion von Wiegand

Charmion von Wiegand

Beyond the grid

1896-1983
Tilsa TsuchiyaPortrait of Tilsa Tsuchiya

Tilsa Tsuchiya

Through mountains and myth

1928-1984
Alice NeelPortrait of Alice Neel

Alice Neel

The unblinking anxiety of modern life

1900-1984
Lee KrasnerPortrait of Lee Krasner

Lee Krasner

Insomnia and aggressive painting

1908-1984
Méret OppenheimPortrait of Méret Oppenheim

Méret Oppenheim

"X = an Orange Rabbit"

1913-1985
Georgia O'KeeffePortrait of Georgia O'Keeffe

Georgia O'Keeffe

Sometimes a flower is just a flower

1887-1986
Lê Thị LựuPortrait of Lê Thị Lựu

Lê Thị Lựu

The invisible sadness of the everyday

1911-1988
Elaine de KooningPortrait of Elaine de Kooning

Elaine de Kooning

Writer, teacher, and a natural painter

1918-1989
Joan MitchellPortrait of Joan Mitchell

Joan Mitchell

Art as competitive sport

1925-1992
Leonor FiniPortrait of Leonor Fini

Leonor Fini

The brilliant bisexual cat-lady of surrealism

1907-1996
Baya MahieddinePortrait of Baya Mahieddine

Baya Mahieddine

Queen Baya

1931-1998
Tahia HalimPortrait of Tahia Halim

Tahia Halim

Egyptian Expressionism

1919-2003
Agnes MartinPortrait of Agnes Martin

Agnes Martin

An essay on inwardness and silence

1912-2004
Chaïbia TalalPortrait of Chaïbia Talal

Chaïbia Talal

The human form set free

1929-2004
Judith ScottPortrait of Judith Scott

Judith Scott

Cocoons, totems and twins

1943-2005
Aisha GalimbaevaPortrait of Aisha Galimbaeva

Aisha Galimbaeva

Women, flowers and daily life in Kazakhstan

1917-2008
Seund Ja RheePortrait of Seund Ja Rhee

Seund Ja Rhee

Bringing Korean abstraction to Paris

1918-2009
Leonora CarringtonPortrait of Leonora Carrington

Leonora Carrington

"I'm not anyone's muse"

1917-2011
Helen FrankenthalerPortrait of Helen Frankenthaler

Helen Frankenthaler

The joy of pure color

1928-2011
Anita Magsaysay-HoPortrait of Anita Magsaysay-Ho

Anita Magsaysay-Ho

Paint until you're 90, then keep painting

1914-2012
Dorothea TanningPortrait of Dorothea Tanning

Dorothea Tanning

Exploring the strange world of dreams

1910-2012
Ana Mercedes HoyosPortrait of Ana Mercedes Hoyos

Ana Mercedes Hoyos

Investigating art history in paint

1942-2014
Saloua Raouda ChoucairPortrait of Saloua Raouda Choucair

Saloua Raouda Choucair

A lifetime of work in one room

1916-2017

Featured Themes