Trivium Art History
The Artists

Berthe Morisot1841 — 1895

The soul of Impressionism

Two Girls, 1894

The soul of Impressionism

“It is important to express oneself… provided the feelings are real and are taken from your own experience” - Berthe Morisot

Berthe Morisot was born in Bourges, France, into an affluent family. In 1852 the family moved to Paris, and as was common among daughters of the bourgeois, Berthe and her sisters Yves and Edma began an artistic education, tutored by Joseph Guichard.  At age 16, Guichard introduced Berthe to the Louvre gallery where she learned by copying artworks by the Old Masters. One of Berthe’s earliest known works is her Calvary, copied from Paolo Veronese’s 1588 painting. Though her sisters eventually married and moved away, Berthe continued her study.

In the Paris art world in 1860, women were not allowed to join official arts institutions — but at 19 years old, Morisot’s skills had already been recognized, and she registered as a copyist at the Louvre. The Louvre was an opportunity to mingle with artists and teachers including Camille Corot and Achille Oudinot, painters of the Barbizon School. Under Corot's influence, Berthe took up plein air painting, moving from the studio to the dappled light of the French countryside — and into a the beginning of a new movement that would become known as Impressionism.

Her landscape paintings won Berthe her first exhibition at the celebrated Salon de Paris, in 1864. Memory on the Banks of l’Oise, and The Old Track at Auvers were received well by the French Academy, though they were closely compared to Corot’s painting from the same show. Morisot ‘reacted unfavorably’[2] to the criticism, but her work was well positioned within the academic community, and she would go on to show work at the salon in 1865, 1866, 1868, 1870, 1872 and 1873.

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Calvary (After Veronese)

Calvary (After Veronese)

1858
View of Tivoli (After Corot)

View of Tivoli (After Corot)

1863
The Old Track to Auvers

The Old Track to Auvers

1863
Memory of the Banks of l'Oise

Memory of the Banks of l'Oise

1863
Portrait of the Artist's Mother and Sister

Portrait of the Artist's Mother and Sister

1869-1870
Edma with her Daughter Jeanne

Edma with her Daughter Jeanne

1872
Hide and Seek

Hide and Seek

1873
In a Villa at the Seaside

In a Villa at the Seaside

1874
Portrait of Edma Pontillon

Portrait of Edma Pontillon

1872-1875
Dahlias

Dahlias

1876
The Cheval Glass

The Cheval Glass

1876
Young Woman and Child Avenue du Bois

Young Woman and Child Avenue du Bois

1876
Young Girl in a Ball Gown

Young Girl in a Ball Gown

1879
Young Woman at the Mirror

Young Woman at the Mirror

1880
Winter (Woman with a Muff)

Winter (Woman with a Muff)

1880
Pasie Sewing in Bougivals Garden

Pasie Sewing in Bougivals Garden

1881
Young Woman Knitting

Young Woman Knitting

1883
The Fable

The Fable

1883
The Quay at Bougival

The Quay at Bougival

1883
In the Garden at Maurecourt

In the Garden at Maurecourt

1884
Venus at the Forge of Vulcan (after Boucher)

Venus at the Forge of Vulcan (after Boucher)

1883-1884
Woman Wearing Gloves (The Parisian)

Woman Wearing Gloves (The Parisian)

1885
The Bath

The Bath

1885-1886
Reading

Reading

1888
Before the Mirror

Before the Mirror

1890
The Cherry Picker

The Cherry Picker

1891
The Cherry Tree (Study)

The Cherry Tree (Study)

1891
The Reclining Shepherdess

The Reclining Shepherdess

1891
Jeanne Pontillon Wearing a Hat

Jeanne Pontillon Wearing a Hat

1893
Two Girls

Two Girls

1894
1801
The faces we see in our dreams
Odilon Redon
Painting nature from a small boat
Claude Monet
Berthe Morisot
A self-taught painter struggles through poverty and war
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Archeologist, painter, scientist, curator, orphan
Osman Hamdi Bey
1900

The artists of Impressionism