France

Portrait of Adélaïde Labille-Guiard

Adélaïde Labille-Guiard

Clearing the way for women

1749-1803
Portrait of Albert Gleizes

Albert Gleizes

The man who brought cubism to the masses

1881-1953
Portrait of Alexandre Cabanel

Alexandre Cabanel

Favorite of the salon, a classical painter with an erotic edge

1823-1889
Portrait of Alfred Sisley

Alfred Sisley

Why did we forget about Alfred Sisley?

1839-1899
Portrait of André Breton

André Breton

A psychiatrist releases his mind and invents Surrealism

1896-1966
Portrait of André Derain

André Derain

In the shadow of brighter colors

1880-1954

Anne Genevieve Greuze

1762-1842
Portrait of Anne-Louis Girodet

Anne-Louis Girodet

A phenom works himself to death

1767-1824
Portrait of Berthe Morisot

Berthe Morisot

The soul of Impressionism

1841-1895
Portrait of Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro

Peaceful anarchist, advocate of the working man

1830-1903
Portrait of Claude Cahun

Claude Cahun

“Under this mask, another mask”

1894-1954
Portrait of Claude Monet

Claude Monet

Painting nature from a small boat

1840-1926
Portrait of Constance Mayer

Constance Mayer

1775-1821
Portrait of Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas

"Only when he no longer knows what he is doing does the painter do good things."

1834-1917
Portrait of Édouard Manet

Édouard Manet

A rebellious painter shocks the French Salon and courts his brothers wife

1832-1883
Portrait of Élisabeth Chaplin

Élisabeth Chaplin

A life's worth of paintings dedicated to Florence

1890-1982
Portrait of Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Painted for Marie Antoinette and never made a dime

1755-1842
Portrait of Émile Bernard

Émile Bernard

Losing the art-fight with Gauguin

1868-1941
Portrait of Eugène Delacroix

Eugène Delacroix

Drama, movement and a search for the exotic

1798-1863
Portrait of Félix Nadar

Félix Nadar

Photographer, novelist... balloonist?

1820-1910
Portrait of Fernand Henri Léger

Fernand Henri Léger

Cubism for the common man

1881-1955
Portrait of François Auguste René Rodin

François Auguste René Rodin

“Sculpture is the art of the hole and the lump”

1840-1917
Portrait of François Boucher

François Boucher

1703-1770
Portrait of François-Thomas Germain

François-Thomas Germain

A disgraced silversmith, last of a dynasty

1726-1791
Portrait of Georges Braque

Georges Braque

Picasso's better half

1882-1963

Georges de La Tour

A Caravaggisti embraces silence

1593-1652
Portrait of Georges Seurat

Georges Seurat

Manipulating emotion with color

1859-1891
Portrait of Gustave Courbet

Gustave Courbet

Status quo — what's that?

1819-1877
Portrait of Gustave Doré

Gustave Doré

Father of Horror, Father of Fantasy

1832-1883
Portrait of Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau

A hermit explores the dreamscape

1826-1898
Portrait of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Too many prostitutes and too much absinth

1864-1901
Portrait of Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse

100% artist

1869-1954
Portrait of Henri Rousseau

Henri Rousseau

Painting dreams with a child's brush

1844-1910
Portrait of Henriette Browne

Henriette Browne

1829-1901
Portrait of Herrad of Landsberg

Herrad of Landsberg

A French abbess creates the first female-authored encyclopedia

1130-1195
Portrait of Hippolyte Bayard

Hippolyte Bayard

The second person to invent photography

1801-1887
Portrait of Jacques-Louis David

Jacques-Louis David

Virtuoso painter, political chameleon, complete jerk

1748-1825
Portrait of Jean Metzinger

Jean Metzinger

The third cubist

1883-1956

Jean-Antoine Watteau

1684-1721
Portrait of Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

Guardian of the old ways

1780-1867
Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot

Nudes teach you everything you need to know (to paint landscapes)

1796-1875
Portrait of Jean-François Millet

Jean-François Millet

A peasant I was born, and a peasant I will die

1814-1875
Portrait of Jean-Honoré Fragonard

Jean-Honoré Fragonard

We're all young and hot — let's make out

1732-1806
Portrait of Jean-Léon Gérôme

Jean-Léon Gérôme

A merciless teacher trains 2000 young artists

1824-1904

Joseph Ducreux

Renaissance painter wins the internet

1735-1802
Portrait of Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre

Visionary promoter of photography

1787-1851
Portrait of Louise Moillon

Louise Moillon

The original peaches-as-butts emoji

1610-1696

Madeleine Lemaire

1845-1928
Portrait of Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp

Giving art a cheerful middle finger

1887-1968
Portrait of Marguerite Gérard

Marguerite Gérard

1761-1837