Trivium Art HistoryThe World of Art

France

Albert Gleizes

The man who brought cubism to the masses

1881-1953

Alexandre Cabanel

Favorite of the salon, a classical painter with an erotic edge

1823-1889

Alfred Sisley

Why did we forget about Alfred Sisley?

1839-1899

André Breton

A psychiatrist releases his mind and invents Surrealism

1896-1966

André Derain

In the shadow of brighter colors

1880-1954

Anne-Louis Girodet

A phenom works himself to death

1767-1824

Berthe Morisot

The soul of Impressionism

1841-1895

Camille Pissarro

Peaceful anarchist, advocate of the working man

1830-1903

Claude Cahun

“Under this mask, another mask”

1894-1954

Claude Monet

Painting nature from a small boat

1840-1926

Edgar Degas

"Only when he no longer knows what he is doing does the painter do good things."

1834-1917

Édouard Manet

A rebellious painter shocks the French Salon and courts his brothers wife

1832-1883

Élisabeth Chaplin

A life's worth of paintings dedicated to Florence

1890-1982

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Painted for Marie Antoinette and never made a dime

1755-1842

Eugène Delacroix

Drama, movement and a search for the exotic

1798-1863

Félix Nadar

Photographer, caricaturist, novelist — and balloonist?

1820-1910

Fernand Henri Léger

Cubism for the common man

1881-1955

François Auguste René Rodin

"Sculpture is the art of the hole and the lump"

1840-1917

François-Thomas Germain

A disgraced silversmith, last of a dynasty

1726-1791

Georges Braque

Picasso's better half

1882-1963

Georges de La Tour

A Caravaggisti embraces silence

1593-1652

Georges Seurat

Manipulating emotion with color

1859-1891

Gustave Courbet

Status quo — what's that?

1819-1877

Gustave Doré

Father of Horror, Father of Fantasy

1832-1883

Gustave Moreau

A hermit explores the dreamscape

1826-1898

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Too many prostitutes and too much absinth

1864-1901

Henri Matisse

100% artist

1869-1954

Henri Rousseau

Painting dreams with a child's brush

1844-1910

Herrad of Landsberg

A French abbess creates the first female-authored encyclopedia

1130-1195

Hippolyte Bayard

The second person to invent photography

1801-1887

Jacques-Louis David

Virtuoso painter, political chameleon, complete jerk

1748-1825

Jean Metzinger

The third cubist

1883-1956

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

Guardian of the old ways

1780-1867

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot

Nudes teach you everything you need to know (to paint landscapes)

1796-1875

Jean-François Millet

A peasant I was born, and a peasant I will die

1814-1875

Jean-Honoré Fragonard

We're all young and hot — let's make out

1732-1806

Joseph Ducreux

Renaissance painter wins the internet

1735-1802

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre

Visionary promoter of photography

1787-1851

Louise Moillon

The original peaches-as-butts emoji

1610-1696

Marcel Duchamp

Giving art a cheerful middle finger

1887-1968

Marie Bracquemond

A passionate Impressionist's legacy buried by her husband

1840-1916

Marie Laurencin

Cubist Feminist

1883-1956

Maurice Denis

Art as prophesy

1870-1943

Nicéphore Niépce

The inventor of Photography

1765-1833

Odilon Redon

The faces we see in our dreams

1840-1916

Paul Cézanne

A lifelong struggle to capture the intensity of life

1839-1906

Paul Gauguin

In search of a lost paradise

1848-1903

Pierre Bonnard

All in with color

1867-1947

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes

The Forgotten Master

1824-1898

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

A self-taught painter struggles through poverty and war

1841-1919