Trivium Art History
World of Art

France

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Albert GleizesPortrait of Albert Gleizes

Albert Gleizes

The man who brought cubism to the masses

1881-1953
Alexandre CabanelPortrait of Alexandre Cabanel

Alexandre Cabanel

Favorite of the salon, a classical painter with an erotic edge

1823-1889
Alfred SisleyPortrait of Alfred Sisley

Alfred Sisley

Why did we forget about Alfred Sisley?

1839-1899
André BretonPortrait of André Breton

André Breton

A psychiatrist releases his mind and invents Surrealism

1896-1966
André DerainPortrait of André Derain

André Derain

In the shadow of brighter colors

1880-1954
Anne-Louis GirodetPortrait of Anne-Louis Girodet

Anne-Louis Girodet

A phenom works himself to death

1767-1824
Berthe MorisotPortrait of Berthe Morisot

Berthe Morisot

The soul of Impressionism

1841-1895
Camille PissarroPortrait of Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro

Peaceful anarchist, advocate of the working man

1830-1903
Claude CahunPortrait of Claude Cahun

Claude Cahun

"Under this mask, another mask; I will never finish removing all these faces"

1894-1954
Claude MonetPortrait of Claude Monet

Claude Monet

Painting nature from a small boat

1840-1926
Edgar DegasPortrait of Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas

"Only when he no longer knows what he is doing does the painter do good things."

1834-1917
Édouard ManetPortrait of Édouard Manet

Édouard Manet

A rebellious painter shocks the French Salon and courts his brothers wife

1832-1883
Élisabeth ChaplinPortrait of Élisabeth Chaplin

Élisabeth Chaplin

A life's worth of paintings dedicated to Florence

1890-1982
Élisabeth Vigée Le BrunPortrait of Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Painted for Marie Antoinette and never made a dime

1755-1842
Eugène DelacroixPortrait of Eugène Delacroix

Eugène Delacroix

Drama, movement and a search for the exotic

1798-1863
Félix NadarPortrait of Félix Nadar

Félix Nadar

Photographer, caricaturist, novelist — and balloonist?

1820-1910
Fernand Henri LégerPortrait of Fernand Henri Léger

Fernand Henri Léger

Cubism for the common man

1881-1955
François Auguste René RodinPortrait of François Auguste René Rodin

François Auguste René Rodin

"Sculpture is the art of the hole and the lump"

1840-1917
François-Thomas GermainPortrait of François-Thomas Germain

François-Thomas Germain

A disgraced silversmith, last of a dynasty

1726-1791
Georges BraquePortrait of Georges Braque

Georges Braque

Picasso's better half

1882-1963
Georges de La Tour

Georges de La Tour

A Caravaggisti embraces silence

1593-1652
Georges SeuratPortrait of Georges Seurat

Georges Seurat

A super-craftsman uses color to manipulate our emotions.

1859-1891
Gustave CourbetPortrait of Gustave Courbet

Gustave Courbet

Status quo — what's that?

1819-1877
Gustave DoréPortrait of Gustave Doré

Gustave Doré

Father of Horror, Father of Fantasy

1832-1883
Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau

A hermit explores the dreamscape

1826-1898
Henri de Toulouse-LautrecPortrait of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Too many prostitutes and too much absinth

1864-1901
Henri MatissePortrait of Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse

100% artist

1869-1954
Henri RousseauPortrait of Henri Rousseau

Henri Rousseau

Painting dreams with a child's brush

1844-1910
Herrad of LandsbergPortrait of Herrad of Landsberg

Herrad of Landsberg

A French abbess creates the first female-authored encyclopedia

1130-1195
Hippolyte BayardPortrait of Hippolyte Bayard

Hippolyte Bayard

The second person to invent photography

1801-1887
Jacques-Louis DavidPortrait of Jacques-Louis David

Jacques-Louis David

Virtuoso painter, political chameleon, complete jerk

1748-1825
Jean MetzingerPortrait of Jean Metzinger

Jean Metzinger

The third cubist

1883-1956
Jean-Baptiste Camille CorotPortrait of Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot

Nudes teach you everything you need to know (to paint landscapes)

1796-1875
Jean-François MilletPortrait of Jean-François Millet

Jean-François Millet

A peasant I was born, and a peasant I will die

1814-1875
Jean-Honoré FragonardPortrait of Jean-Honoré Fragonard

Jean-Honoré Fragonard

We're all young and hot — let's make out

1732-1806
Joseph Ducreux

Joseph Ducreux

Renaissance painter wins the internet

1735-1802
Louis Jacques Mandé DaguerrePortrait of Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre

Visionary promoter of photography

1787-1851
Louise MoillonPortrait of Louise Moillon

Louise Moillon

The original peaches-as-butts emoji

1610-1696
Marcel DuchampPortrait of Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp

Giving art a cheerful middle finger

1887-1968
Marie BracquemondPortrait of Marie Bracquemond

Marie Bracquemond

A passionate Impressionist's legacy buried by her husband

1840-1916
Marie LaurencinPortrait of Marie Laurencin

Marie Laurencin

Cubist Feminist

1883-1956
Maurice DenisPortrait of Maurice Denis

Maurice Denis

Art as prophesy

1870-1943
Nicéphore NiépcePortrait of Nicéphore Niépce

Nicéphore Niépce

The inventor of Photography

1765-1833
Odilon RedonPortrait of Odilon Redon

Odilon Redon

The faces we see in our dreams

1840-1916
Paul CézannePortrait of Paul Cézanne

Paul Cézanne

A lifelong struggle to capture the intensity of life

1839-1906
Paul GauguinPortrait of Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin

In search of a lost paradise

1848-1903
Pierre BonnardPortrait of Pierre Bonnard

Pierre Bonnard

All in with color

1867-1947
Pierre Puvis de ChavannesPortrait of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes

The Forgotten Master

1824-1898
Pierre-Auguste RenoirPortrait of Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

A self-taught painter struggles through poverty and war

1841-1919
Rosa BonheurPortrait of Rosa Bonheur

Rosa Bonheur

Love animals, wear pants, live without compromise

1822-1899
Sarah BernhardtPortrait of Sarah Bernhardt

Sarah Bernhardt

Actress on stage and screen moonlights as a sculptor

1844-1923
Suzanne ValadonPortrait of Suzanne Valadon

Suzanne Valadon

Provocative model becomes a transgressive artist

1865-1938
Théodore GéricaultPortrait of Théodore Géricault

Théodore Géricault

Bigger is better

1798-1863
Théodore Rousseau

Théodore Rousseau

The blasted landscapes of bad luck

1812-1867
Trophime Bigot

Trophime Bigot

Candle Master

1579-1650
William-Adolphe BouguereauPortrait of William-Adolphe Bouguereau

William-Adolphe Bouguereau

A natural academic creates beauty by the rules

1825-1905