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Romanticism

Artistic revolt against the Age of Enlightenment

Romantic art is not romantic in the contemporary sense. It’s not referring to romantic comedies, or relationships. The meaning has changed since the 19th century. If you describe a person, saying “she is a Romantic” you would be closer the right meaning and usage of the 19th century usage.

The period we call Romanticism covers, generally speaking, from the 1800-1860’s. Its themes were grand! The use of one's imagination and intuition were valued over rational thought. Rational thought brought revolution, war, and destruction. Francisco Goya’s etching  is a great example of Romanticism’s reaction to the Age of Enlightenment, and the pining to access something more human than just reason and logic. Many of the early Romantics turned to Nature for inspiration. The scale and the awe of nature became an ideal subject matter to express the inner life, the imagination and what it means to be human — a part of creation rather than separate from it. Our contemporary ideas of connecting Romance to travel, distant lands, awe-inspiring landscapes, can be directly linked back to the art, music and writing of this period.

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The Parasol

The Parasol

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1777
Christ on the Cross

Christ on the Cross

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1780
Fighting Cats

Fighting Cats

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1786-1788
Self Portrait at age 16

Self Portrait at age 16

Joseph Mallord William Turner1791
Newton

Newton

William Blake1795
The Night of Enitharmon’s Joy

The Night of Enitharmon’s Joy

William Blake1795
Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Frontispiece)

Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Frontispiece)

William Blake1795
Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Plate 4)

Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Plate 4)

William Blake1795
Fishermen at Sea

Fishermen at Sea

Joseph Mallord William Turner1796
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Joseph Mallord William Turner1799
The Sleep Of Reason Produces Monsters

The Sleep Of Reason Produces Monsters

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1799
God Forgive Her, It Was Her Mother

God Forgive Her, It Was Her Mother

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1799
The Clothed Maja

The Clothed Maja

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1800
The Nude Maja

The Nude Maja

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1800
Charles IV of Spain and His Family

Charles IV of Spain and His Family

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1800-1801
Willy Lott's House

Willy Lott's House

John Constable1802
The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

William Blake1803
Abbey among Oak Trees

Abbey among Oak Trees

Caspar David Friedrich1809-1810
The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

William Blake1805-1810
Winter Landscape

Winter Landscape

Caspar David Friedrich1811
Crowd in a Park

Crowd in a Park

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1812
Executions on the Third of May

Executions on the Third of May

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1814
Dido Building Carthage

Dido Building Carthage

Joseph Mallord William Turner1815
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1815
Wivenhoe Park, Essex

Wivenhoe Park, Essex

John Constable1816
Chalk Cliffs on Rügen

Chalk Cliffs on Rügen

Caspar David Friedrich1818
The wanderer above the sea of fog

The wanderer above the sea of fog

Caspar David Friedrich1818
The White Horse

The White Horse

John Constable1819
Mountain with Ascending Mist

Mountain with Ascending Mist

Caspar David Friedrich1819-1820
Hampstead Heath with Bathers

Hampstead Heath with Bathers

John Constable1821
The Barque of Dante

The Barque of Dante

Eugène Delacroix1822
Moonrise over the Sea

Moonrise over the Sea

Caspar David Friedrich1822
The Lone Tree

The Lone Tree

Caspar David Friedrich1822
Rocky ravine in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains

Rocky ravine in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains

Caspar David Friedrich1822-1823
The Battle of Trafalgar

The Battle of Trafalgar

Joseph Mallord William Turner1822-1824
Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds

Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds

John Constable1825
The Ford Under The Bended Tree

The Ford Under The Bended Tree

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot1825
The Combat of the Giaour and Hassan

The Combat of the Giaour and Hassan

Eugène Delacroix1824-1826
Marino, Large Buildings on the Rocks

Marino, Large Buildings on the Rocks

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot1826-1827
The Death of Sardanapalus

The Death of Sardanapalus

Eugène Delacroix1827
Seascape Study with Rain Cloud

Seascape Study with Rain Cloud

John Constable1827
Francisco de Goya y LucientesPortrait of Francisco de Goya y Lucientes

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes

I didn't know Picasso but he knew me

1746-1828
Liberty Leading the People

Liberty Leading the People

Eugène Delacroix1830
Two Men Contemplating the Moon

Two Men Contemplating the Moon

Caspar David Friedrich1825-1830
The Life Stages

The Life Stages

Caspar David Friedrich1834
Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight

Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight

Joseph Mallord William Turner1835
Stonehenge

Stonehenge

John Constable1835
John ConstablePortrait of John Constable

John Constable

Nature wins, every time

1776-1837
A View of the Mountain Pass Called the Notch of the White Mountains (Crawford Notch)

A View of the Mountain Pass Called the Notch of the White Mountains (Crawford Notch)

Thomas Cole1839
The Fighting Téméraire

The Fighting Téméraire

Joseph Mallord William Turner1839
Caspar David FriedrichPortrait of Caspar David Friedrich

Caspar David Friedrich

The quiet tragedy of the big big world

1774-1840
The Slave Ship

The Slave Ship

Joseph Mallord William Turner1840
The Dream of the Architect

The Dream of the Architect

Thomas Cole1840
Snow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth

Snow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth

Joseph Mallord William Turner1842
War. The Exile and the Rock Limpet

War. The Exile and the Rock Limpet

Joseph Mallord William Turner1842
The Voyage of Life: Old Age

The Voyage of Life: Old Age

Thomas Cole1842
Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway

Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway

Joseph Mallord William Turner1844
North Cape

North Cape

Peder Balke1844
Steigen

Steigen

Peder Balke1847-1849
Joseph Mallord William TurnerPortrait of Joseph Mallord William Turner

Joseph Mallord William Turner

Every age has its Star Boy — might as well be J.M.W. Turner

1775-1851
Seine Landscape Near Chatou

Seine Landscape Near Chatou

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot1855
Lighthouse on the Norwegian Coast

Lighthouse on the Norwegian Coast

Peder Balke1855
Arab Horses Fighting in a Stable

Arab Horses Fighting in a Stable

Eugène Delacroix1860
The Inferno, Canto 21

The Inferno, Canto 21

Gustave Doré1861
The Inferno, Canto 15

The Inferno, Canto 15

Gustave Doré1861
The Inferno, Canto 7

The Inferno, Canto 7

Gustave Doré1861
The Inferno, Canto 5

The Inferno, Canto 5

Gustave Doré1861
Eugène DelacroixPortrait of Eugène Delacroix

Eugène Delacroix

Drama, movement and a search for the exotic

1798-1863
Reverie

Reverie

Dante Gabriel Rossetti1868
Paradiso, Canto 34

Paradiso, Canto 34

Gustave Doré1868
Coastal Landscape with Wreck

Coastal Landscape with Wreck

Peder Balke1860-1869
Månelys

Månelys

Peder Balke1870
Northern Lights

Northern Lights

Peder Balke1870
Vardøhus Fortress

Vardøhus Fortress

Peder Balke1870
Gustave DoréPortrait of Gustave Doré

Gustave Doré

Father of Horror, Father of Fantasy

1832-1883
Peder BalkePortrait of Peder Balke

Peder Balke

Hard luck in the land of supernatural beauty

1804-1887
The Northern Lights over Four Men in a Rowboat

The Northern Lights over Four Men in a Rowboat

Peder Balke1887
The Enchanted Castle

The Enchanted Castle

Matthijs Maris1851-1917
Romantic Landscape

Romantic Landscape

Luigi Russolo1944

Next movement: Hudson River SchoolAn American fraternity of mountain worshipers