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Romanticism

1800 — 1860

Artistic revolt against the Age of Enlightenment

Romantic art is not romantic in the contemporary sense. It’s not referring to romantic comedies, or relationships. The meaning has changed since the 19th century. If you describe a person, saying “she is a Romantic” you would be closer the right meaning and usage of the 19th century usage.

The period we call Romanticism covers, generally speaking, from the 1800-1860’s. Its themes were grand! The use of one's imagination and intuition were valued over rational thought. Rational thought brought revolution, war, and destruction. Francisco Goya’s etching  is a great example of Romanticism’s reaction to the Age of Enlightenment, and the pining to access something more human than just reason and logic. Many of the early Romantics turned to Nature for inspiration. The scale and the awe of nature became an ideal subject matter to express the inner life, the imagination and what it means to be human — a part of creation rather than separate from it. Our contemporary ideas of connecting Romance to travel, distant lands, awe-inspiring landscapes, can be directly linked back to the art, music and writing of this period.

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A lighthouse on fire at night

Joseph Wright of Derby, 1770

The Annual Girandola at the Castel Sant’Angelo, Rome

Joseph Wright of Derby, 1775-1776

The Parasol

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1777

Christ on the Cross

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1780

Lake by Moonlight with Castle on Hill

Joseph Wright of Derby, 1787

Fighting Cats

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1786-1788

Self Portrait at age 16

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1791

Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Frontispiece)

William Blake, 1795

Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Plate 4)

William Blake, 1795

Newton

William Blake, 1795

The Night of Enitharmon’s Joy

William Blake, 1795

Fishermen at Sea

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1796

The Sleep Of Reason Produces Monsters

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1799

Self Portrait

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1799

God Forgive Her, It Was Her Mother

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1799

The Nude Maja

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1800

The Clothed Maja

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1800

Charles IV of Spain and His Family

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1800-1801

Willy Lott's House

John Constable, 1802

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

William Blake, 1803

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

William Blake, 1805-1810

Abbey among Oak Trees

Caspar David Friedrich, 1809-1810

Winter Landscape

Caspar David Friedrich, 1811

An Officer of the Imperial Horse Guards Charging

Théodore Géricault, 1812

Hannibal and his Men crossing the Alps

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1810-1812

Crowd in a Park

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1812

Grande Odalisque

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1814

The Wounded Cuirassier

Théodore Géricault, 1814

Executions on the Third of May

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1814

Self Portrait

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, 1815

Dido Building Carthage

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1815

Wivenhoe Park, Essex

John Constable, 1816

Chalk Cliffs on Rügen

Caspar David Friedrich, 1818

The wanderer above the sea of fog

Caspar David Friedrich, 1818

The Raft of the Medusa

Théodore Géricault, 1818

The White Horse

John Constable, 1819

Sailboat on a Raging Sea

Théodore Géricault, 1818-1819

Mountain with Ascending Mist

Caspar David Friedrich, 1819-1820

Portrait of a Kleptomaniac

Théodore Géricault, 1820

Hampstead Heath with Bathers

John Constable, 1821

Moonrise over the Sea

Caspar David Friedrich, 1822

The Lone Tree

Caspar David Friedrich, 1822

The Barque of Dante

Eugène Delacroix, 1822

Rocky ravine in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains

Caspar David Friedrich, 1822-1823

The Bass Rock

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1824

The Bass Rock

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1824

The Battle of Trafalgar

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1822-1824

The Ford Under The Bended Tree

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, 1825

Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds

John Constable, 1825

The Combat of the Giaour and Hassan

Eugène Delacroix, 1824-1826
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Orientalism
The western fantasy

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