The Enlightenment

Dare to Know

The renaissance and its enormous output of art, writing, and inquiry, inevitably led to the Age of Enlightenment. The discovery that the world was round and not flat, that the earth was not the center of the universe and the radical shift in religious beliefs because of the reformation lead to an age of questioning the church's beliefs and teachings. Reason and rational thought were its ideals. What is truth? Can it be studied, measured, poked & prodded — can it be revealed through thinking, study, dissection, measurement, rather than scripture and a high priest? It was the mathematician, the philosopher and the printing press that drove this movement.

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Death of Constantine

1623-1625

Metamorphosis of a Caterpillar to a Butterfly

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1679

Fiding of Moses

1685-1689

Black Tegu Lizard

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1700

Floral Wreath with Insects

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1700

Heron Encircled by a Snake

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1700

Tulip, two Branches of Myrtle and two Shells

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1700

Branch of Genipapo with Long-Horned Beetle

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1702-1703

Branch of West Indian Cherry with Achilles Morpho Butterfly

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1702-1703

Citron with Monkey Slug Moth and Harlequin Beetle

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1702-1703

Tropical White Morning Glory with two beetles

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1702-1703

Turk's Cap Lily

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1705

The Alchemist

Joseph Wright of Derby, 1771

American Flamingo

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Arctic Tern

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Bonapartian Gull

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Iceland, or Jer Falcon

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Long-tailed, or Dusky Grous

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Puffin

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Side View of the Skull of Toxodon

Charles Darwin, 1838

Top View of the Skull of Toxodon

Charles Darwin, 1838

Snowy Owl

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Summer Red Bird

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Warbling Flycatcher

John James Audubon, 1827-1838

Contortions in Mica Slate, Whately, Massachusetts

Orra White Hitchcock, 1828-1840

Drawing of Strata, Christiania (Oslo), Norway

Orra White Hitchcock, 1828-1840

Nautilus Shell

Orra White Hitchcock, 1828-1840

Plesiosaurus Skeleton

Orra White Hitchcock, 1828-1840

Slate, Devon, England

Orra White Hitchcock, 1828-1840

Geological observations on South America — Plate 1

Charles Darwin, 1846

Geological observations on South America — Plate 2

Charles Darwin, 1846

Geological observations on South America — Plate 3

Charles Darwin, 1846

Dictyota dichotoma (Forkweed)

Anna Atkins, 1849-1850

Aspidium Lobatium

Anna Atkins, 1853

Chordaria flagelliformis

Anna Atkins, 1853

Polypodium Phegopteris (Northern beech fern)

Anna Atkins, 1853

Papaver Orientale (Oriental poppy)

Anna Atkins, 1852-1854

Crater of Vesuvius

James Nasmyth, 1864

Plate 1. Baltimore Oriole

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 2. Wood Thrush

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 3. Black-Billed Cuckoo

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 4. Indigo Bird

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 5. Red-Winged Blackbird

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 6. Kingbird

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 7. Crow Blackbird

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 8. Robin

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 9. Loggerhead Shrike

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 10. Pewit Flycatcher

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 11. Great Carolina wren

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886

Plate 12. Eastern Bluebird

Genevieve & Virginia Jones, 1879-1886
Next Movement

Western Esoteric Art

The best truth is secret truth

1690-1947

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