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Ernst Haeckel

The beautiful weirdness of nature

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 58: Hexacoralla, 1904
February 16, 1834August 9, 1919

The beautiful weirdness of nature

In 1864 Ernst Haeckel turned thirty and read, for the first time, Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species. Haeckel was a newly minted biologist, having earned a doctorate in zoology just two years before. Haeckel had settled into a professorship of comparative anatomy at the University of Jena, where he studied underappreciated forms of sea life — annelids, or segmented worms, radiolaria protozoa, and the ever-useful porifera, or sponges. 

The Origin of Species was gasoline to Haeckel's intellectual fire. While Darwin's theories were cautious and technical, Haeckel was inpsired to make more dramatic claims. Haeckel considered natural selection merely a starting point, incorporating Jean-Baptiste Lamarck's theory of 'soft inheritance' and his own observations of the morphology of sea sponges and protozoa. He published his grand unified theory under the title Generelle Morphologie, in 1866. But Haeckel's Morphologie was a flop — the writing was dry, the books sold poorly, and even Darwin himself was unable to complete it.

But while his writing was stiff, Haeckel's public speaking was dynamic.  In a series of well-attended lectures open to both students and local townspeople, Haeckel layed out his comprehensive theory of evolution in more conversational terms, and supported the lectures with his own drawings of embryos and specimens. These lectures were transcribed by his students, and collected into his second book, Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte, which catapulted Haeckel into the aggressive world of popular science.

Full biography coming soon.

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Art Forms in Nature, Plate 68: Batrachia

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 68: Batrachia

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 71: Stephoidea

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 71: Stephoidea

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 96: Chaetopoda

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 96: Chaetopoda

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 43: Nudibranchia

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 43: Nudibranchia

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 78: Cubomedusae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 78: Cubomedusae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 58: Tineida

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 58: Tineida

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 28: Discomedusae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 28: Discomedusae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 6: Tubulariae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 6: Tubulariae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 83: Lichenes

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 83: Lichenes

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 58: Hexacoralla

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 58: Hexacoralla

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 79: Lacertilia

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 79: Lacertilia

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 62: Nepenthaceae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 62: Nepenthaceae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 72: Muscinae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 72: Muscinae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 74: Orchidae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 74: Orchidae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 49: Actiniae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 49: Actiniae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 17: Siphonophorae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 17: Siphonophorae

1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 85: Ascidiacea

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 85: Ascidiacea

1904
Art Forms in Nature, 99: Trochilidae

Art Forms in Nature, 99: Trochilidae

1904
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