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Neoclassicism

Classical imagery, democratic ideals, and the bloody hands of change.

17601830

Classical imagery, democratic ideals, and the bloody hands of change.

Rachel Wriothesley, Countess of Southampton as Fortune

Rachel Wriothesley, Countess of Southampton as Fortune

Anthony van Dyck1630
The Triumph of Henry IV

The Triumph of Henry IV

Peter Paul Rubens1627-1631
An Allegory of Fame

An Allegory of Fame

Elisabetta Sirani1657
An Allegory of Virtue

An Allegory of Virtue

Elisabetta Sirani1657
Arch of Titus

Arch of Titus

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1748
Architecture, Perspectives, Grotesques, Antiquities

Architecture, Perspectives, Grotesques, Antiquities

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1749
The Grand Piazza

The Grand Piazza

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1750
The Pyramid of Caius Cestius

The Pyramid of Caius Cestius

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1755
Elevation and Plan of Theater of Marcellus

Elevation and Plan of Theater of Marcellus

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1756
Plan of a Tomb on the Appian Way in Vigna Buonamici

Plan of a Tomb on the Appian Way in Vigna Buonamici

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1756
Plan of Rome / From Le Antichità Romane

Plan of Rome / From Le Antichità Romane

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1756
Appian Way

Appian Way

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1756
Imaginary Prisons: Title Plate

Imaginary Prisons: Title Plate

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1761
The Man on the Rack

The Man on the Rack

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1761
Ponte Molle

Ponte Molle

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1762
Portrait of John Apthorp and His Daughters

Portrait of John Apthorp and His Daughters

Angelica Kauffmann1764
Della Magnificenza e d'Architettura de' Romani

Della Magnificenza e d'Architettura de' Romani

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1765
Temple of Bacchus

Temple of Bacchus

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1767
Hadrian's Villa

Hadrian's Villa

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1768
Interior Views of Rome

Interior Views of Rome

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1768
Chimneypiece in Greek Style

Chimneypiece in Greek Style

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1769
Waterfalls at Tivoli

Waterfalls at Tivoli

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1769
Chimneypiece: Frieze of Trophies and Winged Victories

Chimneypiece: Frieze of Trophies and Winged Victories

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1769
Portrait of Marie-Joséphine Buron

Portrait of Marie-Joséphine Buron

Jacques-Louis David1769
Caffè degli Inglesi

Caffè degli Inglesi

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1769
Portrait of Philip Tisdall with his Wife and Family

Portrait of Philip Tisdall with his Wife and Family

Angelica Kauffmann1770
The Family of The Earl of Gower

The Family of The Earl of Gower

Angelica Kauffmann1772
Erasistratus Discovers the Cause of Antiochus's Disease

Erasistratus Discovers the Cause of Antiochus's Disease

Jacques-Louis David1774
Ariadne Abandoned by Theseus

Ariadne Abandoned by Theseus

Angelica Kauffmann1774
A Young Woman of Frascati

A Young Woman of Frascati

Jacques-Louis David1775
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Angelica Kauffmann1770-1775
View of St. Peter's and the Piazza

View of St. Peter's and the Piazza

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1775
Aqueduct of Nero

Aqueduct of Nero

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1775

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal

The Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson1776
Hadrian's Villa: The Piazza d'Oro

Hadrian's Villa: The Piazza d'Oro

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1776
Giovanni Battista PiranesiPortrait of Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Making a solid living from Etchings

1720-1778
Female Allegory

Female Allegory

Angelica Kauffmann1780
Self-portrait in a Straw Hat

Self-portrait in a Straw Hat

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun1782
Marie-Antoinette with the Rose

Marie-Antoinette with the Rose

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun1783
Self-Portrait, Yawning

Self-Portrait, Yawning

Joseph Ducreux1783
Ferdinand IV King of Naples and his Family

Ferdinand IV King of Naples and his Family

Angelica Kauffmann1782-1783
Portrait of Prince Stanislaus Poniatowski

Portrait of Prince Stanislaus Poniatowski

Angelica Kauffmann1786
The Death of Socrates

The Death of Socrates

Jacques-Louis David1787
Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier and His Wife, Marie-Anne-Pierrette Paulze.

Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier and His Wife, Marie-Anne-Pierrette Paulze.

Jacques-Louis David1788
The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons

The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons

Jacques-Louis David1789
The Aqueduct of Noain

The Aqueduct of Noain

Ventura Rodriguez1783-1790
Portrait of Emma, Lady Hamilton as a Bacchante

Portrait of Emma, Lady Hamilton as a Bacchante

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun1790
Self-portrait in the Guise of a Mockingbird

Self-portrait in the Guise of a Mockingbird

Joseph Ducreux1791
Le Discret

Le Discret

Joseph Ducreux1791
The Death of Marat

The Death of Marat

Jacques-Louis David1793
Portrait of Countess Maria Theresia Bucquoi, née Parr

Portrait of Countess Maria Theresia Bucquoi, née Parr

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun1793
Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss

Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss

Antonio Canova1787-1793
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Jacques-Louis David1794
Bacchus and Ariadne

Bacchus and Ariadne

Angelica Kauffmann1794
Psyche Abandoned

Psyche Abandoned

Jacques-Louis David1795
Portrait of a Young Woman in White

Portrait of a Young Woman in White

Jacques-Louis David1798
The Intervention of the Sabine Women

The Intervention of the Sabine Women

Jacques-Louis David1795-1799
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Angelica Kauffmann1800
Anna von Escher van Muralt

Anna von Escher van Muralt

Angelica Kauffmann1800
United States Capitol

United States Capitol

William Thornton1993-1800
Portrait of Corisande de Gramont

Portrait of Corisande de Gramont

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun1800
The Angel Appearing to Zacharias

The Angel Appearing to Zacharias

William Blake1799-1800
Bonaparte Crossing the Grand Saint-Bernard Pass

Bonaparte Crossing the Grand Saint-Bernard Pass

Jacques-Louis David1802
Joseph Ducreux

Joseph Ducreux

Renaissance painter wins the internet

1735-1802
The Flood

The Flood

Anne-Louis Girodet1806
Angelica KauffmannPortrait of Angelica Kauffmann

Angelica Kauffmann

A feminist prodigy charms the European elite

1741-1807
Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine

Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine

Jacques-Louis David1805-1807
Sappho and Phaon

Sappho and Phaon

Jacques-Louis David1809
Revolt in Cairo on 21 October 1798

Revolt in Cairo on 21 October 1798

Anne-Louis Girodet1810
The Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries

The Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries

Jacques-Louis David1812
Hannibal and his Men crossing the Alps

Hannibal and his Men crossing the Alps

Joseph Mallord William Turner1810-1812
General Étienne-Maurice Gérard

General Étienne-Maurice Gérard

Jacques-Louis David1816
The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis

The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis

Jacques-Louis David1818
La Balsa de la Medusa

La Balsa de la Medusa

Théodore Géricault1818
Portrait of the Sisters Zénaïde and Charlotte Bonaparte

Portrait of the Sisters Zénaïde and Charlotte Bonaparte

Jacques-Louis David1821
Antonio CanovaPortrait of Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova

A global titan of neoclassical sculpture

1757-1822
Head of a Vestal Virgin

Head of a Vestal Virgin

Antonio Canova1821-1822
Venus Italica

Venus Italica

Antonio Canova1822-1823
Anne-Louis GirodetPortrait of Anne-Louis Girodet

Anne-Louis Girodet

A phenom works himself to death

1767-1824
Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces

Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces

Jacques-Louis David1822-1824
Jacques-Louis DavidPortrait of Jacques-Louis David

Jacques-Louis David

Virtuoso painter, political chameleon, complete jerk

1748-1825
National Capitol Columns

National Capitol Columns

1828
Place de la Concorde

Place de la Concorde

Ange-Jacques Gabriel1722-1830
Arc de Triomphe

Arc de Triomphe

1806-1836
Élisabeth Vigée Le BrunPortrait of Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

Painted for Marie Antoinette and never made a dime

1755-1842
Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.)

Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.)

Robert Mills (East Wing and Central)1836-1842
The Temple of Segesta with the Artist Sketching

The Temple of Segesta with the Artist Sketching

Thomas Cole1841-1842
Palace of Westminster

Palace of Westminster

Charles Barry1016-1847
The Death of Moses

The Death of Moses

Alexandre Cabanel1850
Dante and Virgil in Hell

Dante and Virgil in Hell

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1850
Catalogo delle Opere

Catalogo delle Opere

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1861
The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus

Alexandre Cabanel1863
Oedipus and the Sphinx

Oedipus and the Sphinx

Gustave Moreau1864
Columbus

Columbus

Mary Edmonia Lewis1865-1867
Forever Free

Forever Free

Mary Edmonia Lewis1867
Bust of Dr. Dio Lewis

Bust of Dr. Dio Lewis

Mary Edmonia Lewis1868
Hiawatha's Marriage

Hiawatha's Marriage

Mary Edmonia Lewis1871
Pieta

Pieta

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1876
The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1879
Return of Spring

Return of Spring

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1886
The First Mourning

The First Mourning

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1888
Washington Monument

Washington Monument

Robert Mills1848-1888
Alexandre CabanelPortrait of Alexandre Cabanel

Alexandre Cabanel

Favorite of the salon, a classical painter with an erotic edge

1823-1889
Flatiron Building

Flatiron Building

Daniel Burnham1902
William-Adolphe BouguereauPortrait of William-Adolphe Bouguereau

William-Adolphe Bouguereau

A natural academic creates beauty by the rules

1825-1905
Mary Edmonia LewisPortrait of Mary Edmonia Lewis

Mary Edmonia Lewis

New York woman of color takes over the world of Italian sculpture

1844-1907
Christ and the Storm

Christ and the Storm

Giorgio de Chirico1914
Lincoln Memorial

Lincoln Memorial

Henry Bacon, Daniel Chester French1914-1922
The Eventuality of Destiny

The Eventuality of Destiny

Giorgio de Chirico1927
Bathers on the Beach

Bathers on the Beach

Giorgio de Chirico1934
National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

John Russell Pope1937
Jefferson Memorial

Jefferson Memorial

John Russell Pope; Eggers & Higgins1939-1943
Self Portrait in Black Costume

Self Portrait in Black Costume

Giorgio de Chirico1948
Santiago El Grande

Santiago El Grande

Salvador Dalí1957
The divine horses of Achilles, Balios and Xanthos

The divine horses of Achilles, Balios and Xanthos

Giorgio de Chirico1963

Next movement: RomanticismArtistic revolt against the Age of Enlightenment

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