Obelisk Art History

Bronze Age
A new metal catapults humanity out of the stone age

Bronze Age, PrehistoryNebra Sky Disk

The Bronze Age is a massive milestone in human history. Named after the development of bronze, a strong and incredibly useful fusion of tin and copper, the Bronze Age launched prehistoric cultures into an era of rapid technological development. Bronze crafting led to more durable tools that improved agriculture and sophisticated bladed weapons making warfare more savage. In many cultures the Bronze Age corresponded with the invention of the wheel and the ox-drawn plow, leading to increased trade and migration that spread these new inventions across continents.

Bronze was most likely first developed in the Mesopotamian Sumerian civilization around 3300 BCE, with near simultaneous invention by cultures in the Indus Valley, regions that today are part of Afghanistan, Pakistan and northwest India. From here, bronze spread to the Aegean world, Egypt, Turkey, and throughout Western Asia. The Majiayao culture in China developed bronze between 3100 and 2700 BCE, and the Dong Son culture of Vietnam began creating bronze drums in 2100 BCE. By 1300 BCE, bronze had spread through much of Europe and Great Britain. Bronze appeared in sub-Saharan Africa around 900 BCE and finally in the Americas between sometime after 100 CE.

Reed Enger, "Bronze Age, A new metal catapults humanity out of the stone age," in Obelisk Art History, Published August 01, 2018; last modified January 22, 2019, http://arthistoryproject.com/timeline/prehistory/bronze-age/.

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Bactrian Princess, Bronze Age

Bactrian Princess

2500 BCE
Nebra Sky Disk, Bronze Age

Nebra Sky Disk

1600 BCE
Golden Hat of Schifferstadt, Bronze Age

Golden Hat of Schifferstadt

1400 BCE-1300 BCE
Avanton Gold Cone, Bronze Age

Avanton Gold Cone

1000 BCE-900 BCE
Harness Trapping in the Shape of a Horse, Bronze Age

Harness Trapping in the Shape of a Horse

900 BCE
Berlin Gold Hat, Bronze Age

Berlin Gold Hat

1000 BCE-800 BCE
Bronze Basin, Bronze Age

Bronze Basin

c. 700 BCE
Next Movement
Aegean Civilizations, Ancient World

Aegean Civilizations

The lost faces of the ancient world

3000 BCE-1200 BCE

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