Chimera of Arezzo


— Invented for war, perfected by art

The development of bronze was so significant to human history that its emergence in cultures around the world is referred to as the bronze age. Around 3500 BCE, smiths in western Asia smelted copper, which was soft and plentiful, with the much rarer and more brittle tin. The resulting fusion was more durable than any metal previously available to humans, and became sought-after for weapons and armor. By 2500 BCE bronze had spread to the Aegean world, and over the next 500 years travel throughout Europe. As with many technologies developed for war, bronze soon became adopted as an artistic medium. Sculptures in bronze have lasted millennia, and bronze is still used today for public art, either polished to a golden hue, or left to accrue a regal green patina.

Reed Enger, "Bronze, Invented for war, perfected by art," in Obelisk Art History, Published January 23, 2015; last modified May 25, 2021, http://arthistoryproject.com/mediums/bronze/.

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Head of a Ruler

2300 BCE-2000 BCE

Lion of Mari

2000 BCE

Nebra Sky Disk

1600 BCE

Bronze Bull Leaping Figure

1600 BCE-1450 BCE

Ritual wine warmer (Jia)

1400 BCE-1250 BCE

Hafted axe with dragons

1200 BCE-1100 BCE

Minoan Bronze Tweezers

2900 BCE-1050 BCE

Ritual wine cup (Zhi)

1100 BCE-1000 BCE

Harness Trapping in the Shape of a Horse

900 BCE

Iron Axe Head

900 BCE

Ritual grain server (Gui)

1000 BCE-900 BCE

Master-of-Animals Standard

800 BCE

Circular “pilgrim” Flask

750 BCE

Bronze Basin

c. 700 BCE

Pair of Hands

700 BCE

Kushite priest wearing leopard's head

712 BCE-664 BCE

Falcon of Horus

663 BCE

Isis and Horus

640 BCE

Bronze Etruscan Woman

600 BCE

Phoenician-style ewer

600 BCE

Vix Krater

530 BCE

Bronze Statuette of a Bull

500 BCE

Etruscan Mirror

500 BCE

Mars de Todi

500 BCE

Chimera of Arezzo

400 BCE

Cista Depicting a Dionysian Revel and Perseus with Medusa's Head

400 BCE

Torc Celtic Necklace

400 BCE

Etruscan Mirror

350 BCE

Horse head Medici Riccardi

325 BCE

Ombra Della Sera

300 BCE

Liver of Piacenza

200 BCE

Zhong Bell, 戰國秦 青銅鐘

400 BCE-200 BCE


100 BCE

Boy with Thorn (Spinario)

100 BCE

The Orator

90 BCE

The Desborough Mirror

50 BCE

Waterloo Bridge Helmet

150 BCE-50 BCE

Statue of Artemis Ephesus


Hercules of the Forum Boarium

1 CE

Hercules of the Theatre of Pompey

2 CE

The Battersea Shield

350 BCE-50 CE

Bronze Military Diploma

113 CE-114 CE

Bronze Statuette of Jupiter

200 CE

The Balmaclellan Mirror

200 CE

Portrait of the emperor Caracalla

212 CE-217 CE

Bronze Statue of the emperor Trebonianus Gallus

251 CE

Late Gupta Period Buddha

700 CE

Seated Buddha

700 CE

Enghøj Brooch

800 CE

Human face pendant

c. 800 CE-900 CE
More Art Mediums


The stone that glows like human skin



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