Trivium Art History

For centuries artists created artwork to represent figurative images. Landscapes and people, gods and machines. Art was a tool to communicate reality. But with the proliferation of the camera, a slow shift began in art. The world could be documented without paint or stone, and so at the dawn of the 20th century, artists began to abstract their images, fragmenting reality, and eventually — removing it completely.

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Free Space II

Free Space II

Lee Krasner
Brice MardenPortrait of Brice Marden

Brice Marden

Grow the ability to see

1938-
Group I, No. 7, Primordial Chaos

Group I, No. 7, Primordial Chaos

Hilma af Klint1906-1907
Group IV, No. 3. The Ten Largest, Youth

Group IV, No. 3. The Ten Largest, Youth

Hilma af Klint1907
Group IV, No. 7, The Ten Largest, Adulthood

Group IV, No. 7, The Ten Largest, Adulthood

Hilma af Klint1907
The Seven-Pointed Star No. 1

The Seven-Pointed Star No. 1

Hilma af Klint1908
Evolution, No. 15, Group IV, The Seven-pointed Stars

Evolution, No. 15, Group IV, The Seven-pointed Stars

Hilma af Klint1908
Untitled (First Abstract Watercolor)

Untitled (First Abstract Watercolor)

Wassily Kandinsky1910
Composition 5

Composition 5

Wassily Kandinsky1911
The Laugh

The Laugh

Umberto Boccioni1911
Watercolor 6

Watercolor 6

Wassily Kandinsky1911
States of Mind I: The Farewells

States of Mind I: The Farewells

Umberto Boccioni1911
States of Mind II: Those Who Go

States of Mind II: Those Who Go

Umberto Boccioni1911
States of Mind III: Those Who Stay

States of Mind III: Those Who Stay

Umberto Boccioni1911
Sketch for States of Mind: The Farewells

Sketch for States of Mind: The Farewells

Umberto Boccioni1911
Sketch for States of Mind: Those Who Stay

Sketch for States of Mind: Those Who Stay

Umberto Boccioni1911
Romantic Landscape

Romantic Landscape

Wassily Kandinsky1911
Speeding Automobile

Speeding Automobile

Giacomo Balla1912
Dancer

Dancer

Gino Severini1912
Improvisation 28 (second version)

Improvisation 28 (second version)

Wassily Kandinsky1912
Composition 7

Composition 7

Wassily Kandinsky1913
Berlin Series No. 48

Berlin Series No. 48

Marsden Hartley1913
Composition 6

Composition 6

Wassily Kandinsky1913
Rayonism, Blue-Green Forest

Rayonism, Blue-Green Forest

Natalia Goncharova1911-1913
Berlin Series No. 1

Berlin Series No. 1

Marsden Hartley1913
Nude Model in the Studio

Nude Model in the Studio

Fernand Henri Léger1912-1913
Berlin Series No. 3

Berlin Series No. 3

Marsden Hartley1913
Portrait Arrangement No. 2

Portrait Arrangement No. 2

Marsden Hartley1912-1913
Paths of Movement + Dynamic Sequences

Paths of Movement + Dynamic Sequences

Giacomo Balla1913
Portrait of a German Officer

Portrait of a German Officer

Marsden Hartley1914
Abstract Speed + Sound

Abstract Speed + Sound

Giacomo Balla1913-1914
Curtain for Le Coq d'Or: Third Act

Curtain for Le Coq d'Or: Third Act

Natalia Goncharova1914
Study for a Curtain for 'Le Coq d'Or'

Study for a Curtain for 'Le Coq d'Or'

Natalia Goncharova1913-1914
Berlin Series No. 49

Berlin Series No. 49

Marsden Hartley1914-1915
Group IX/SUW, No. 17. The Swan, No. 17

Group IX/SUW, No. 17. The Swan, No. 17

Hilma af Klint1914-1915
Black and White, Suprematist Composition

Black and White, Suprematist Composition

Kazimir Malevich1915
Group IX, No. 3, The Dove

Group IX, No. 3, The Dove

Hilma af Klint1915
Berlin Series No. 47

Berlin Series No. 47

Marsden Hartley1914-1915
Berlin Series No. 50

Berlin Series No. 50

Marsden Hartley1914-1915
Black Square

Black Square

Kazimir Malevich1915
Group IX/SUW No. 12, The Swan No. 12

Group IX/SUW No. 12, The Swan No. 12

Hilma af Klint1915
Supremus No.50

Supremus No.50

Kazimir Malevich1915
Group IX/UW No. 25, The Dove, No. 1

Group IX/UW No. 25, The Dove, No. 1

Hilma af Klint1915
Black Trapezium and Red Square

Black Trapezium and Red Square

Kazimir Malevich1915
Group IX/SUW, The Swan, No. 1

Group IX/SUW, The Swan, No. 1

Hilma af Klint1915
Group IX/SUW No. 8, The Swan, No. 8

Group IX/SUW No. 8, The Swan, No. 8

Hilma af Klint1915
Black Square and Red Square

Black Square and Red Square

Kazimir Malevich1915
Non-Objective Composition

Non-Objective Composition

Olga Rozanova1916
House under construction

House under construction

Kazimir Malevich1915-1916
Spring

Spring

Giacomo Balla1916
Suprematist Composition

Suprematist Composition

Kazimir Malevich1916
Dynamic Suprematism

Dynamic Suprematism

Kazimir Malevich1915-1916
Non-Objective Composition (Flight of an Airplane)

Non-Objective Composition (Flight of an Airplane)

Olga Rozanova1916
Movement, Sails

Movement, Sails

Marsden Hartley1916
Color Painting

Color Painting

Olga Rozanova1917
Woman with Guitar

Woman with Guitar

María Blanchard1917
Painterly Architectonics

Painterly Architectonics

Liubov Popova1917
Green Stripe

Green Stripe

Olga Rozanova1917
Cubist Still Life

Cubist Still Life

María Blanchard1917
Composition with Lines (Composition in Black and White)

Composition with Lines (Composition in Black and White)

Piet Mondrian1917
Composition with Colours A

Composition with Colours A

Piet Mondrian1917
Composition with Colours B

Composition with Colours B

Piet Mondrian1917
Suprematism

Suprematism

Kazimir Malevich1917
Composition

Composition

Aleksandr Rodchenko1918
Non-Objective Painting no. 80 (Black on Black)

Non-Objective Painting no. 80 (Black on Black)

Aleksandr Rodchenko1918
Cubist Composition

Cubist Composition

María Blanchard1918
Rhythm of a Russian Dance

Rhythm of a Russian Dance

Theo van Doesburg1918
Composition XIII

Composition XIII

Theo van Doesburg1918
Variation on Composition XIII

Variation on Composition XIII

Theo van Doesburg1918
Linear Composition

Linear Composition

Liubov Popova1919
Composition in Black and Gray

Composition in Black and Gray

Piet Mondrian1919
Cubist Composition

Cubist Composition

María Blanchard1916-1919
Cubist Still Life

Cubist Still Life

María Blanchard1919
Composition in Gray (Rag-time)

Composition in Gray (Rag-time)

Theo van Doesburg1919
Untitled

Untitled

El Lissitzky1919-1920
Construction

Construction

Aleksandr Rodchenko1920
Rooftop and Pathway: View from the Artist's Studio

Rooftop and Pathway: View from the Artist's Studio

Gwendolen Mary John1920
Line Construction

Line Construction

Aleksandr Rodchenko1920
Rooftop and Lane: View from the Artist's Studio

Rooftop and Lane: View from the Artist's Studio

Gwendolen Mary John1920
Proun 19D

Proun 19D

El Lissitzky1920-1921
Mystic Suprematism

Mystic Suprematism

Kazimir Malevich1920-1922
Untitled

Untitled

Hannah Höch1922-1923
Study for Proun S.K.

Study for Proun S.K.

El Lissitzky1922-1923
On White II

On White II

Wassily Kandinsky1923
Kestner Portfolio, Proun 1

Kestner Portfolio, Proun 1

El Lissitzky1923
Kestner Portfolio, Proun 6

Kestner Portfolio, Proun 6

El Lissitzky1923
Circles in a Circle

Circles in a Circle

Wassily Kandinsky1923
Static-Dynamic Gradation

Static-Dynamic Gradation

Paul Klee1923
Kestner Portfolio, Proun 5

Kestner Portfolio, Proun 5

El Lissitzky1923
Kestner Portfolio, Proun 4

Kestner Portfolio, Proun 4

El Lissitzky1923
Untitled

Untitled

Wassily Kandinsky1923
Kestner Portfolio, Proun 3

Kestner Portfolio, Proun 3

El Lissitzky1923
Composition 8

Composition 8

Wassily Kandinsky1923
Kestner Portfolio, Proun 2

Kestner Portfolio, Proun 2

El Lissitzky1923
The Denaturalized Material, Destruction 2

The Denaturalized Material, Destruction 2

Theo van Doesburg1923
l.n.31

l.n.31

El Lissitzky1922-1924
Proun 99

Proun 99

El Lissitzky1923-1925
Counter Composition VI

Counter Composition VI

Theo van Doesburg1925
Yellow Red Blue

Yellow Red Blue

Wassily Kandinsky1925
May Picture

May Picture

Paul Klee1925
Composition (Definitive State)

Composition (Definitive State)

Fernand Henri Léger1925
Composition with Blue and Yellow (Composition 1)

Composition with Blue and Yellow (Composition 1)

Piet Mondrian1925
Composition

Composition

Fernand Henri Léger1926
Several Circles

Several Circles

Wassily Kandinsky1926
The Kiss

The Kiss

Max Ernst1927
Composition with Red Yellow and Blue

Composition with Red Yellow and Blue

Piet Mondrian1928
Simultaneous Counter-Composition

Simultaneous Counter-Composition

Theo van Doesburg1929-1930
Jack-in-the-Pulpit No. 4

Jack-in-the-Pulpit No. 4

Georgia O'Keeffe1930
Composition with Aloes, No. 4

Composition with Aloes, No. 4

Fernand Henri Léger1934-1935
Violet-Orange

Violet-Orange

Wassily Kandinsky1936
Untitled

Untitled

Ad Reinhardt1937
Study for a Painting

Study for a Painting

Ad Reinhardt1938
Study for a Painting

Study for a Painting

Ad Reinhardt1938
Untitled

Untitled

Ad Reinhardt1938
Argula

Argula

Arshile Gorky1939
Study for a Painting

Study for a Painting

Ad Reinhardt1939
Study for a Painting

Study for a Painting

Ad Reinhardt1939
Newsprint Collage

Newsprint Collage

Ad Reinhardt1940
Composition

Composition

Ad Reinhardt1940
Untitled

Untitled

Ad Reinhardt1940
After Xhorkum

After Xhorkum

Arshile Gorky1940-1942
1944-N No. 2

1944-N No. 2

Clyfford Still1944
Figure

Figure

Clyfford Still1944
Jamais

Jamais

Clyfford Still1944
Untitled

Untitled

Arshile Gorky1944
Water of the Flowery Mill

Water of the Flowery Mill

Arshile Gorky1944
Untitled

Untitled

Barnett Newman1945
Untitled

Untitled

Charmion von Wiegand1945
Sleep Mask

Sleep Mask

Adolph Gottlieb1945
Untitled

Untitled

Charmion von Wiegand1946
Title Unknown (Street Scene)

Title Unknown (Street Scene)

Norman Lewis1947
Number 43

Number 43

Ad Reinhardt1947
Changing Moods

Changing Moods

Norman Lewis1947
Individual Worlds

Individual Worlds

Charmion von Wiegand1947
The Nuptial Form

The Nuptial Form

Charmion von Wiegand1946-1947
Agony

Agony

Arshile Gorky1947
1948

1948

Clyfford Still1948
Onement, I

Onement, I

Barnett Newman1948
Yellow Painting

Yellow Painting

Ad Reinhardt1949
Untitled

Untitled

Charmion von Wiegand1950
Excavation

Excavation

Willem de Kooning1950
The Wild

The Wild

Barnett Newman1950
Untitled

Untitled

Ahmed Yacoubi1950
Number 107

Number 107

Ad Reinhardt1950
PH-950

PH-950

Clyfford Still1950
In the Patio IX

In the Patio IX

Georgia O'Keeffe1950
The Citadel

The Citadel

Charmion von Wiegand1949-1950
Study for "La Combe II"

Study for "La Combe II"

Ellsworth Kelly1950
No. 12

No. 12

Ad Reinhardt1950
1951-T No. 3

1951-T No. 3

1951
Vir Heroicus Sublimis

Vir Heroicus Sublimis

Barnett Newman1950-1951
Two = One

Two = One

Saloua Raouda Choucair1947-1951
Triangle Form

Triangle Form

Ellsworth Kelly1951
Composition with a Circle

Composition with a Circle

Saloua Raouda Choucair1952
Migrating Birds

Migrating Birds

Norman Lewis1953
Composition with Vertical

Composition with Vertical

Saloua Raouda Choucair1953
Mother and Child (Abstract)

Mother and Child (Abstract)

Tamara de Lempicka1953
Gradual Rythmical Composition

Gradual Rythmical Composition

Saloua Raouda Choucair1953
Spectrum Colors Arranged by Chance

Spectrum Colors Arranged by Chance

Ellsworth Kelly1951-1953
White Light

White Light

Jackson Pollock1954
Shattered Light

Shattered Light

Lee Krasner1954
Bird Talk

Bird Talk

Lee Krasner1955
Easter Monday

Easter Monday

Willem de Kooning1955-1956
Composition for Tapestry

Composition for Tapestry

Saloua Raouda Choucair1956
Hemlock

Hemlock

Joan Mitchell1956
Birth

Birth

Lee Krasner1956
The Seasons

The Seasons

Lee Krasner1957
Juarez

Juarez

Elaine de Kooning1958
Orange Red Relief

Orange Red Relief

Ellsworth Kelly1959
Composition with Blue Rectangle

Composition with Blue Rectangle

Natalia Goncharova1950-1959
Alabama

Alabama

Norman Lewis1960
The Eye is the First Circle

The Eye is the First Circle

Lee Krasner1960
Cool Blast

Cool Blast

Adolph Gottlieb1960
The Gremlins

The Gremlins

Norman Lewis1961
Region of the Unstructured Sound

Region of the Unstructured Sound

Charmion von Wiegand1955-1961
Mist

Mist

Adolph Gottlieb1961
Duo

Duo

Philip Guston1961
Abstract Painting no. 4

Abstract Painting no. 4

Ad Reinhardt1961
Prismatic Lattice

Prismatic Lattice

Charmion von Wiegand1962
King Solomon's Ring

King Solomon's Ring

Ahmed Yacoubi1963
Canal

Canal

Helen Frankenthaler1963
The Last Sound

The Last Sound

Ibrahim El-Salahi1964
Canto XIV, from Rauschenberg: XXXIV Drawings for Dante's Inferno

Canto XIV, from Rauschenberg: XXXIV Drawings for Dante's Inferno

Robert Rauschenberg1964
Breakthrough I

Breakthrough I

Robert Rauschenberg1964
The Mosque

The Mosque

Ibrahim El-Salahi1964
Vision of the Tomb

Vision of the Tomb

Ibrahim El-Salahi1965
Title Unknown (March on Washington)

Title Unknown (March on Washington)

Norman Lewis1965
Untitled, 1965

Untitled, 1965

Brice Marden1964-1965
Return 1

Return 1

Brice Marden1964-1965
Poem

Poem

Saloua Raouda Choucair1963-1965
Night Creatures

Night Creatures

Lee Krasner1965
Abstract Painting

Abstract Painting

Ad Reinhardt1966
Table of Offerings

Table of Offerings

Charmion von Wiegand1965-1966
Temple of Dodundua

Temple of Dodundua

Ahmed Yacoubi1966
Blue Green Yellow Orange Red

Blue Green Yellow Orange Red

Ellsworth Kelly1966
Untitled

Untitled

Ibrahim El-Salahi1967
Blueberry

Blueberry

Joan Mitchell1969
To The Adi Buddha

To The Adi Buddha

Charmion von Wiegand1968-1970
Wila

Wila

María Luisa Pacheco1972
Untitled, 1973

Untitled, 1973

María Luisa Pacheco1973

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