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Ancient World

4000 BCE — 500 CE

The invention of writing to the fall of Rome

The ancient or 'classical' world begins with the invention of written language, and follows the organization of human culture into governments and societies much like we practice today. Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome were civilizations that lasted for hundreds — and in Egypt's case thousands of years. They were super powers because they brought law and order to their people, providing a certain amount of peace and stability. Peace and stability leads to a civic life, creating the space for creativity, education and commerce. This in turn grows prosperity and enables building projects, temples, roads and art. Written language, unified law, and centralized government allowed these ancient cultures to thrive on a scale that warped past hunter and gatherer societies and created the foundation on which we create our modern civilization in the west.

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Super power of all super powers.

Ancient Egypt

4000 BCE-30 BCE

Poetry, war, and the invention of law

Mesopotamia

3500 BCE-1000 BCE

The lost faces of the ancient world

Aegean Civilizations

3000 BCE-1200 BCE

Three dynasties birth Chinese art and philosophy.

Ancient China

2070 BCE-256 BCE

A Nubian Empire rivals Egypt for 1000 years

Kingdom of Kush

2000 BCE-400 CE

Histories greatest navigators

Lapita Expansion

2000 BCE-500 CE

Know Thyself

Ancient Greece

800 BCE-31 BCE

Death & Gold

The Celts

800 BCE-43 CE

A mysteriously happy people at the fringes of the classical world

The Etruscans

768 BCE-100 BCE

The roads make the empire

Ancient Rome

753 BCE-530 CE

Human-animal hybrids in the melting pot of ancient cultures

The Iberians

600 BCE-500 CE

The largest economy in the world for 1500 years

Classical India

230 BCE-550 CE
Next:

Middle Ages —
Feudalism and the rise of organized religion

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