Trivium Art History
Trivium Art History

Ancient World

4000 BCE — 500 CE

The invention of writing to the fall of Rome

The ancient or 'classical' world begins with the invention of written language, and follows the organization of human culture into governments and societies much like we practice today. Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome were civilizations that lasted for hundreds — and in Egypt's case thousands of years. They were super powers because they brought law and order to their people, providing a certain amount of peace and stability. Peace and stability leads to a civic life, creating the space for creativity, education and commerce. This in turn grows prosperity and enables building projects, temples, roads and art. Written language, unified law, and centralized government allowed these ancient cultures to thrive on a scale that warped past hunter and gatherer societies and created the foundation on which we create our modern civilization in the west.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt — Super power of all super powers.

4000 BCE-30 BCE

Mesopotamia — Poetry, war, and the invention of law

3500 BCE-1000 BCE
Aegean Civilizations

Aegean Civilizations — The lost faces of the ancient world

3000 BCE-1200 BCE
Ancient China

Ancient China — Three dynasties birth Chinese art and philosophy.

2070 BCE-256 BCE
Kingdom of Kush

Kingdom of Kush — A Nubian Empire rivals Egypt for 1000 years

2000 BCE-400 CE
Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece — Know Thyself

800 BCE-31 BCE
The Celts

The Celts — Death & Gold

800 BCE-43 CE
The Etruscans

The Etruscans — A mysteriously happy people at the fringes of the classical world

768 BCE-100 BCE
Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome — The roads make the empire

753 BCE-530 CE
The Iberians

The Iberians — The warlike tribes of ancient Spain

600 BCE-500 CE
Classical India

Classical India — When India held the largest economy in the world for 1500 years

230 BCE-550 CE