ObeliskTimeline of Art

Academic Art

Allegory, craft, and the unrelenting dictatorship of the Academy

Portrait of Marie Antoinette

Joseph Ducreux, 1769

The Attributes of Hunting and Gardening

Anne Vallayer-Coster, 1774

A still life of mackerel, glassware, a loaf of bread and lemons

Anne Vallayer-Coster, 1787

Portrait of an Aristocrat in Uniform

Joseph Ducreux, 1785-1790

La Grande Baigneuse

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1808

Cincinnatus Receiving Deputies of the Senate

Alexandre Cabanel, 1843-1844


Alexandre Cabanel, 1846

Fallen Angel

Alexandre Cabanel, 1847


Alexandre Cabanel, 1848

Dante and Virgil in Hell

William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1850

The Duel After the Masquerade

Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1857-1859

Nymph Abducted by a Satyr

Alexandre Cabanel, 1860

The Education of the Children of Clovis

Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1861

Pollice Verso

Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1872

La Comtesse de Keller

Alexandre Cabanel, 1873

Nymphs and Satyr

William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1873


Alexandre Cabanel, 1873


Alexandre Cabanel, 1874


Sarah Bernhardt, 1875

The Virgin, the Baby Jesus and Saint John the Baptist

William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1875

Virgin Comforter

William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1875

After the Storm

Sarah Bernhardt, 1876


William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1876

Witches going to their Sabbath

Luis Ricardo Falero, 1878

A Young Woman Reading

Marie Bashkirtseff, 1880

Faust’s Vision

Luis Ricardo Falero, 1880


Sarah Bernhardt, 1880


Alexandre Cabanel, 1880

The Secret

Elizabeth Jane Gardner, c. 1880

The Witches Sabbath

Luis Ricardo Falero, 1880

A Lady of Constantinople

Osman Hamdi Bey, 1881

In the Studio

Marie Bashkirtseff, 1881

Sappho and Alcaeus

Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1881

The Tepidarium

Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1881

Twin Stars

Luis Ricardo Falero, 1881

At a Book

Marie Bashkirtseff, 1882

Rebecca et Eliézer

Alexandre Cabanel, 1883

The death of Girardot in Bárbula

Cristóbal Rojas Poleo, 1883

The Umbrella

Marie Bashkirtseff, 1883

The Improvised Cup

Elizabeth Jane Gardner, c. 1884

The Meeting

Marie Bashkirtseff, 1884

Reaching for the Stars

Luis Ricardo Falero, c. 1885

The Meeting of Antony and Cleopatra

Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1885

The Pole Star

Luis Ricardo Falero, 1885

The First Mourning

William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1888

The Roses of Heliogabalus

Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1888

The Birds Nest, or In The Woods

Elizabeth Jane Gardner, 1889

An Eloquent Silence

Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1890

Pygmalion and Galatea

Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1890

The Bat Woman

Albert Joseph Pénot, c. 1890
Next Movement

The Enlightenment

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