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The Enlightenment

1685 - 1815

Age of Discovery

The Enlightenment

The renaissance and its enormous output of art, writing, and inquiry, inevitably led to the Age of Enlightenment. The discovery that the world was round and not flat, that the earth was not the center of the universe and the radical shift in religious beliefs because of the reformation lead to an age of questioning the church's beliefs and teachings. Reason and rational thought were its ideals. What is truth? Can it be studied, measured, poked & prodded — can it be revealed through thinking, study, dissection, measurement, rather than scripture and a high priest? It was the mathematician, the philosopher and the printing press that drove this movement.

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Maria Sibylla Merian

A botanist gets a divorce and travels the world

1647-1717
Metamorphosis of a Caterpillar to a Butterfly

Metamorphosis of a Caterpillar to a Butterfly

Maria Sibylla Merian,1679
Heron Encircled by a Snake

Heron Encircled by a Snake

Maria Sibylla Merian,1700
Black Tegu Lizard

Black Tegu Lizard

Maria Sibylla Merian,1700
Tulip, two Branches of Myrtle and two Shells

Tulip, two Branches of Myrtle and two Shells

Maria Sibylla Merian,1700
Floral Wreath with Insects

Floral Wreath with Insects

Maria Sibylla Merian,1700
Branch of West Indian Cherry with Achilles Morpho Butterfly

Branch of West Indian Cherry with Achilles Morpho Butterfly

Maria Sibylla Merian,1702-1703
Citron with Monkey Slug Moth and Harlequin Beetle

Citron with Monkey Slug Moth and Harlequin Beetle

Maria Sibylla Merian,1702-1703
Branch of Genipapo with Long-Horned Beetle

Branch of Genipapo with Long-Horned Beetle

Maria Sibylla Merian,1702-1703
Tropical White Morning Glory with two beetles

Tropical White Morning Glory with two beetles

Maria Sibylla Merian,1702-1703
Turk's Cap Lily

Turk's Cap Lily

Maria Sibylla Merian,1705

John James Audubon

Friend of the birds

1785-1851

Charles Darwin

The art of seeing the world

1809-1882

Ernst Haeckel

The beautiful weirdness of nature

1834-1919
Side View of the Skull of Toxodon

Side View of the Skull of Toxodon

Charles Darwin,1838
Top View of the Skull of Toxodon

Top View of the Skull of Toxodon

Charles Darwin,1838
Arctic Tern

Arctic Tern

John James Audubon,1827-1838
American Flamingo

American Flamingo

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Bonapartian Gull

Bonapartian Gull

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Iceland, or Jer Falcon

Iceland, or Jer Falcon

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Long-tailed, or Dusky Grous

Long-tailed, or Dusky Grous

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Puffin

Puffin

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Snowy Owl

Snowy Owl

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Summer Red Bird

Summer Red Bird

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Warbling Flycatcher

Warbling Flycatcher

John James Audubon,1827-1838
Geological observations on South America — Plate 1

Geological observations on South America — Plate 1

Charles Darwin,1846
Geological observations on South America — Plate 2

Geological observations on South America — Plate 2

Charles Darwin,1846
Geological observations on South America — Plate 3

Geological observations on South America — Plate 3

Charles Darwin,1846
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 49: Actiniae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 49: Actiniae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 85: Ascidiacea

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 85: Ascidiacea

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 68: Batrachia

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 68: Batrachia

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 96: Chaetopoda

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 96: Chaetopoda

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 78: Cubomedusae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 78: Cubomedusae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 28: Discomedusae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 28: Discomedusae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 83: Lichenes

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 83: Lichenes

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 79: Lacertilia

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 79: Lacertilia

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 62: Nepenthaceae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 62: Nepenthaceae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 72: Muscinae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 72: Muscinae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 74: Orchidae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 74: Orchidae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 17: Siphonophorae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 17: Siphonophorae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, 99: Trochilidae

Art Forms in Nature, 99: Trochilidae

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 71: Stephoidea

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 71: Stephoidea

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 43: Nudibranchia

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 43: Nudibranchia

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 58: Tineida

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 58: Tineida

Ernst Haeckel,1904
Art Forms in Nature, Plate 6: Tubulariae

Art Forms in Nature, Plate 6: Tubulariae

Ernst Haeckel,1904