As people groups in both Europe and Asia became proficient in shipbuilding and navigation they started to explore. Slowly this exploration lead to new worlds, new civilizations, new flora and fauna, new animals. This spirit of exploration lead to centuries of inquiry into the unknown. To organize and make sense of these new ideas scientific thought was born. How do the world and the worlds in the heavens work? How do the winds blow? Are we are or are we not the center of the universe?
To answer these questions you need a new language a language not based on myth, superstition, or even human intuition. What you need is Math and measurement tools that can expose how gravity actually works not how you think it works. Late Renaissance mathematicians like Copernicus used math to prove that the earth was round years before explorers proved it true by actually sailing around it. The age of discovery needed was an age of actually exploring new world but also exploring new ways of describing the universe and the world we live in. There is a direct link to the age of discovery and our contemporary culture. We are direct descendants of this inquiry and exploration. Our modern world, its government, its civic life, and its education is built on its principals.