Obelisk Art History
Oceanic Art

Malagan (Funerary Carving)

Malagan (Funerary Carving), Oceanic Art
Malagan (Funerary Carving), zoomed in
132.7 cmMalagan (Funerary Carving) scale comparison34.9 cm
See Malagan (Funerary Carving) in the Kaleidoscope

Malagan (Funerary Carving) is an Oceanic Wood and Pigment artwork created between 1875 and 1925. It lives at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The image is in the Public Domain, and tagged Funerary Artwork. Download

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In the New Ireland province of Papua New Guinea, death brings people together. At the start of the equatorial dry season, communities come together in the name of one or more recently deceased members for the multi-day malagan ceremony. The ceremony is planned by the families of the deseased, who prepare for months or even years, but the event both commemorates the lives of the passed and brings multiple clans together, becoming a forum to make community announcements, repay debts, resolve disputes, and exchange a traditional currency called mis.

In the final moments of the event, the centerpiece of the ritual is revealed—the malagan carvings. Totems taking the form of masks, house poles, woven mats, or models of dugout canoes piloted by carved figures, the malagan are prepared in secret by craftsman before the event. Each malagan bears a dense network of symbolic imagery that represents the life achievements of the deceased.

When the malagan carvings are revealed, they are thought to be dangerous—hot with the power of the departed. The mourners must ‘buy’ the malagan with mis to diffuse their energy, and when the feasting is over and the sun sets, the carvings are tossed into the woods to rot. The departed spirits have been released from this world, and their relatives have been freed from their obligations to the dead.

Reed Enger, "Malagan (Funerary Carving)," in Obelisk Art History, Published July 23, 2019; last modified October 16, 2019, http://arthistoryproject.com/timeline/industrial-revolution/pacific-oceanic-cultures/malagan-funerary-carving/.

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