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Early Photography

1826 — 1860

Nature's pencil: light!

It was a close race, who would create the first photograph: Bayard, Niépce, Daguerre, Talbot, it was a mystery. France Wins,1826! View from the Window at Le Gras"  was taken at a country estate, taking approximetly eight hours to expose. Nicéphore Niépce uses a crude camera, copper and chemicals to create the worlds first permanent photograph. Not long after, Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre perfects it and the world is hooked on LIGHT DRAWINGS.  

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View from the Window at Le Gras

Nicéphore Niépce, 1826

View from the Window at Le Gras

Nicéphore Niépce, 1826

The examples that I have the honor of presenting are the first results of my extensive research on the manner of fixing the image of objects by the action of light.

Heliography: Designs and Engravings

Nicéphore Niépce, 1827

Light acts chemically upon bodies. It is absorbed, it combines with them, and communicates new properties. Such, in a few words, is the principle of the discovery.

Description of Heliography (with notes by Louis Daguerre)

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, Nicéphore Niépce, 1829

Numerous experiments made by the author prove that light cannot fall upon a body without leaving traces of decomposition on the surface upon which it impinges.

Modifications and Improvements to N. Niepce Process of Heliography

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, 1829

L’Atelier de l'artiste

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, 1837

Boulevard du Temple

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, 1838

Buckler Fern

William Henry Fox Talbot, 1839

The Oriel Window, South Gallery, Lacock Abbey

William Henry Fox Talbot, 1835-1839

The Bertoloni Album

William Henry Fox Talbot, 1839

Self-portrait

Robert Cornelius, 1839

Windmills, Montmartre

Hippolyte Bayard, 1839

Self-Portrait as Drowned Man

Hippolyte Bayard, 1840

Detail of the Cloisters at Lacock Abbey

William Henry Fox Talbot, 1840

View of intersection of Eighth Street and Market Street, Philadelphia

Robert Cornelius, 1840

Arrangement of Specimens

Hippolyte Bayard, 1842

Bust of Patroclus

William Henry Fox Talbot, 1843

Lace Glove

Hippolyte Bayard, 1843-1846

The plates of the present work are impressed by the agency of Light alone, without any aid from the artist's pencil.

Brief Historical Sketch of the Invention of the Art

William Henry Fox Talbot, 1846

Abolitionist Button

1850

Portrait of Charles Baudelaire

Félix Nadar, 1855

Revolving Self Portrait

Félix Nadar, 1865

The Horse in Motion

Eadweard Muybridge, 1878

Amos Two Bulls — Profile

Gertrude Käsebier, 1900

Wife of American Horse, Dakota Sioux

Gertrude Käsebier, 1900

Portrait of Evelyn Nesbit

Gertrude Käsebier, 1901-1902

The Manger

Gertrude Käsebier, 1903

The Flatiron

Edward J. Steichen, 1904-1909

Victory Arch and Flatiron Bldg

1919

Untitled

Aleksandr Rodchenko, 1929

Lumber

Aleksandr Rodchenko, 1930

Pioneer with a Bugle

Aleksandr Rodchenko, 1930
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Barbizon School
A small village in France, a gathering of artists.