Home

Badshahi Mosque بادشاہی مسجد

In the late 1600's, the Mughal empire was at its height, spreading out from India into what is now Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Emperor Aurangzeb had grown the empire through unceasing warfare and conquest. Aurangzeb was different than the rulers that had come before him. For five generations, the Mughal emperors had been known for their religious tolerance, passionate support of the arts, and lavish, if slightly debauched lifestyle.

Aurangzeb was an ascetic, banning alcohol, gambling, narcotics and dance from the empire. He instituted Islamic law and strongly favored Muslim citizens, levying extra taxes on non-muslims, and destroying Hindu Temples to be replaced with mosques.

In 1671 Aurangzeb commissioned the Badshahi Mosque in a tellingly militarized gesture. The Badshahi Mosque would be constructed in just two years in the city of Lahore, one of the Mughal capital cities, which protected the empire from invasion from the west. The mosque was not simply a place of worship, but a commemoration of the military campaign that conquered the Maratha king Shivaji Bhonsle.

The Badshahi Mosque was designed to mirror the character of its founder — a bold red sandstone facade, and dense embellishment within in classical Mughal floral patterns. At the time of it's completion, it was the largest mosque in the world.

But warlike origins led to a warlike legacy. In 1799, the Sikh army of Ranjit Singh captured Lahore, and the Badshahi Mosque was used as a stable for the army's horses. Forty years later, during the First Anglo-Sikh War, tunnels under the mosque were used to store gunpowder, and in 1849 when the British seized Lahore, the mosque's outer walls were dismantled and the site used as a garrison for the next three years. Only in 1939, after Pakistan won its independence from the British Indian Empire, were repairs commissioned, and the Badshahi Mosque's legacy of invasion and violence could begin to heal.

Read More

No artworks found.

Dolmen of Menga

Dolmen of Menga

3750 BCE
Hagar Qim

Hagar Qim

3600 BCE
Ġgantija Temple

Ġgantija Temple

3250 BCE
Harhoog Burial Mound

Harhoog Burial Mound

3000 BCE
Pyramid of Djoser

Pyramid of Djoser

2667 BCE-2648 BCE
Giza Pyramid Complex

Giza Pyramid Complex

2560 BCE-2540 BCE
Great Sphinx of Giza

Great Sphinx of Giza

2500 BCE
The Ring of Brodgar

The Ring of Brodgar

2300 BCE
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

1479 BCE-1458 BCE
Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple

1800 BCE-1400 BCE
Nuragic Sanctuary of Santa Cristina

Nuragic Sanctuary of Santa Cristina

1100 BCE
Naveta d'Es Tudons

Naveta d'Es Tudons

2000 BCE-1000 BCE
Chogha Zanbil

Chogha Zanbil

1250 BCE-640 BCE
Talati de Dalt

Talati de Dalt

600 BCE
The Hochdorf Chieftain’s Grave

The Hochdorf Chieftain’s Grave

530 BCE
Temple of Poseidon

Temple of Poseidon

444 BCE
Parthenon

Parthenon

447 BCE-432 BCE
Temple of Segesta

Temple of Segesta

420 BCE
Erechtheion

Erechtheion

421 BCE-406 BCE
Ancient Theatre of Taormina

Ancient Theatre of Taormina

400 BCE
Ancient Theater of Segesta

Ancient Theater of Segesta

400 BCE
Theatre of Epidaurus

Theatre of Epidaurus

300 BCE
Jetavanaramaya

Jetavanaramaya

300 BCE
Dodona Theater

Dodona Theater

300 BCE
The Ancient Theatre of Delphi

The Ancient Theatre of Delphi

300 BCE
Ashoka Pillar

Ashoka Pillar

268 BCE
Mahabodhi Temple

Mahabodhi Temple

250 BCE-50 BCE
Pyramid of Cestius

Pyramid of Cestius

12 BCE
Temple d'Auguste et de Livie

Temple d'Auguste et de Livie

10 BCE
Maison Carrée

Maison Carrée

2 CE
Pula Arena

Pula Arena

27 BCE-68 CE
Colosseum

Colosseum

70 CE-80 CE
Arch of Titus

Arch of Titus

82 CE
Volterra Theater

Volterra Theater

90 CE
Aqueduct of Segovia

Aqueduct of Segovia

81 CE-98 CE
Arenas of Lutetia

Arenas of Lutetia

100 CE
Trajan's Column

Trajan's Column

107 CE-113 CE
Hadrians Wall

Hadrians Wall

122 CE
Pantheon

Pantheon

113 CE-125 CE
Temple of Olympian Zeus

Temple of Olympian Zeus

500 BCE-132 CE
Porta Nigra

Porta Nigra

170 CE
Tower of Hercules

Tower of Hercules

200 CE
Hadrian's Villa

Hadrian's Villa

200 CE
Kushite Pyramids at Meroë

Kushite Pyramids at Meroë

300 BCE-300 CE
Diocletian's Palace

Diocletian's Palace

305 CE
White Horse Pagoda, Dunhuang

White Horse Pagoda, Dunhuang

384 CE
Obelisk of Axum

Obelisk of Axum

400 CE
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

450 CE
Baptistry  of Neon

Baptistry of Neon

400 CE-500 CE
Dhamek Stupa

Dhamek Stupa

249 BCE-500 CE
Arian Baptistery

Arian Baptistery

400 CE-500 CE
Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo

Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo

504 CE-504 CE
Mausoleum of Theoderic

Mausoleum of Theoderic

520 CE
Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia

537 CE
Basilica of San Vitale

Basilica of San Vitale

526 CE-547 CE
Torcello Cathedral

Torcello Cathedral

639 CE
Palace of Theodoric

Palace of Theodoric

700 CE
Malwiya Minaret, ملوية

Malwiya Minaret, ملوية

848 CE-851 CE
Borobudur Temple

Borobudur Temple

750 CE-900 CE
Dome of the Rock

Dome of the Rock

687 CE-1023
Pisa Cathedral

Pisa Cathedral

1063-1092
Mont-Saint-Michel

Mont-Saint-Michel

1100
Tianning Temple

Tianning Temple

1120
Florence Baptistery

Florence Baptistery

1059-1128
Basilica of St Denis

Basilica of St Denis

475 CE-1144
Pisa Baptistry

Pisa Baptistry

1152-1153
Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat

1150-1200
Sainte-Chapelle

Sainte-Chapelle

1238-1248
Malbork Castle

Malbork Castle

1274
Church of St. George

Church of St. George

1200-1300
Doge's Palace, Venice

Doge's Palace, Venice

1340
Notre-Dame

Notre-Dame

1163-1345
Tantallon Castle

Tantallon Castle

1350
Leaning Tower of Pisa

Leaning Tower of Pisa

1173-1372
Bodiam Castle

Bodiam Castle

1385
The Devils Bridge

The Devils Bridge

1400
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore

Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore

1296-1436
Villa Farnesina

Villa Farnesina

1506-1510
Château de Chenonceau

Château de Chenonceau

1514-1522
Tintern Abbey

Tintern Abbey

1131-1536
Byland Abbey

Byland Abbey

1155-1538
Church of the Gesù

Church of the Gesù

1568-1580
Villa Capra, 'La Rotonda'

Villa Capra, 'La Rotonda'

1592
Basilica di San Giorgio Maggiore

Basilica di San Giorgio Maggiore

1566-1610
Badshahi Mosque بادشاہی مسجد

Badshahi Mosque بادشاہی مسجد

1671-1673
St. Peter's Square

St. Peter's Square

1675
Trevi Fountain

Trevi Fountain

1762
The Aqueduct of Noain

The Aqueduct of Noain

1783-1790
United States Capitol

United States Capitol

1993-1800
National Capitol Columns

National Capitol Columns

1828
Place de la Concorde

Place de la Concorde

1722-1830
Arc de Triomphe

Arc de Triomphe

1806-1836
Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.)

Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.)

1836-1842
Palace of Westminster

Palace of Westminster

1016-1847
Royal Albert Hall

Royal Albert Hall

1871
Rouen Cathedral

Rouen Cathedral

1030-1880
Washington Monument

Washington Monument

1848-1888
Secession Building

Secession Building

1897-1898
The Painted Ladies

The Painted Ladies

1849-1900
Flatiron Building

Flatiron Building

1902
Great Mosque of Djenné

Great Mosque of Djenné

1300-1907
Lincoln Memorial

Lincoln Memorial

1914-1922
Empire State Building

Empire State Building

1930-1931
National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

1937
Jefferson Memorial

Jefferson Memorial

1939-1943
Louvre Pyramid

Louvre Pyramid

1984-1989

Help us bring art
history back to life

Support Trivium on Patreon