ObeliskMediums
, Planetary Orbits Encompassing the Earth

Engraving

Engraving in the modern sense refers to a type of printmaking, where an image is carved into a plate, ink is rubbed into the image, and transferred to paper. This form of engraving was developed simultaneously in Germany and northern Italy during the 15th century, with the earliest examples attributed to two German craftsman known only as Master E.S., and the Master of the Playing Cards. But engraving as a practice is much older, dating back to the common practice in ancient cultures of creating cylinder seals, small cylindrical stones with an image engraved on their surface such that rolling it across wet clay would leave a relief of the carved image behind.

Reed Enger, "Engraving," in Obelisk Art History, Published February 13, 2015; last modified July 20, 2019, http://arthistoryproject.com/mediums/engraving/.

Further reading atbritannica.com
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Christ Carrying the Cross, Northern Renaissance

Christ Carrying the Cross

Martin Schongauer, 1475
Saint Anthony Tormented by Demons, Martin Schongauer

Saint Anthony Tormented by Demons

Martin Schongauer, 1475
The Lion of Saint Mark, Martin Schongauer

The Lion of Saint Mark

Martin Schongauer, 1490
A Foolish Virgin in Half-Figure, Martin Schongauer

A Foolish Virgin in Half-Figure

Martin Schongauer, 1491
Griffin, Martin Schongauer

Griffin

Martin Schongauer, 1491
Ornament with Owl Mocked by Day Birds, Martin Schongauer

Ornament with Owl Mocked by Day Birds

Martin Schongauer, 1491
The Censer, Martin Schongauer

The Censer

Martin Schongauer, 1492
Saint Jerome Penitent in the Wilderness, Albrecht Dürer

Saint Jerome Penitent in the Wilderness

Albrecht Dürer, 1496
Adam and Eve, Albrecht Dürer

Adam and Eve

Albrecht Dürer, 1504
Melencolia I, Albrecht Dürer

Melencolia I

Albrecht Dürer, 1514
The Raising of Lazarus, Rembrandt van Rijn

The Raising of Lazarus

Rembrandt van Rijn, 1632
Descent from the Cross, Rembrandt van Rijn

Descent from the Cross

Rembrandt van Rijn, 1633
The Good Samaritan, Rembrandt van Rijn

The Good Samaritan

Rembrandt van Rijn, 1633
The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds, Rembrandt van Rijn

The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds

Rembrandt van Rijn, 1634
The Hundred Guilder Print, Rembrandt van Rijn

The Hundred Guilder Print

Rembrandt van Rijn, 1649
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 1 — The Planisphere of Ptolemy, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 1 — The Planisphere of Ptolemy

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Sizes of the Celestial Bodies, Andreas Cellarius

The Sizes of the Celestial Bodies

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 11 — The Location of the Earth, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 11 — The Location of the Earth

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 12 — Upright and Oblique Spheres, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 12 — Upright and Oblique Spheres

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Hemisphere of the Old World, Andreas Cellarius

Hemisphere of the Old World

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Ptolemaic hypothesis, demonstrating the planetary motions, Andreas Cellarius

The Ptolemaic hypothesis, demonstrating the planetary motions

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 15 — Opposition and Conjunction of the Planets, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 15 — Opposition and Conjunction of the Planets

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Sun in an eccentric orbit without epicycles, Andreas Cellarius

The Sun in an eccentric orbit without epicycles

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Revolution of the Sun around the Earth, Andreas Cellarius

The Revolution of the Sun around the Earth

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Moon in an eccentric orbit with epicycles, Andreas Cellarius

The Moon in an eccentric orbit with epicycles

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The varying phases and appearances of the Moon, Andreas Cellarius

The varying phases and appearances of the Moon

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Ptolemaic Cosmography, Andreas Cellarius

The Ptolemaic Cosmography

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 20 — Mars, Jupiter & Saturn, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 20 — Mars, Jupiter & Saturn

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 21 — Venus and Mercury, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 21 — Venus and Mercury

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 22 — First Hemisphere, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 22 — First Hemisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 23 — Second Hemisphere, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 23 — Second Hemisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 24 — Northern Stellar Hemisphere, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 24 — Northern Stellar Hemisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 25 — Celestial and Terrestrial Hemispheres, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 25 — Celestial and Terrestrial Hemispheres

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 26 — Northern Stellar Hemisphere, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 26 — Northern Stellar Hemisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Southern Stellar Hemisphere, Andreas Cellarius

The Southern Stellar Hemisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 28 — Southern Hemisphere, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 28 — Southern Hemisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 29 — Southern Stellar and Terrestrial Hemisphere, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 29 — Southern Stellar and Terrestrial Hemisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Planetary Orbits Encompassing the Earth, Andreas Cellarius

Planetary Orbits Encompassing the Earth

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Copernicus Planisphere, Andreas Cellarius

The Copernicus Planisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Copernican World System, Andreas Cellarius

The Copernican World System

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Tycho Brahe Planisphere, Andreas Cellarius

The Tycho Brahe Planisphere

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 7 — Brahe's Construction of the World, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 7 — Brahe's Construction of the World

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
The Planisphere of Aratus, Andreas Cellarius

The Planisphere of Aratus

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 9 — Brahe’s Altitudes of the Planets, Andreas Cellarius

Harmonia Macrocosmica Plate 9 — Brahe’s Altitudes of the Planets

Andreas Cellarius, 1660
Floral Wreath with Insects, Maria Sibylla Merian

Floral Wreath with Insects

Maria Sibylla Merian, 1700
A Harlot's Progress Plate 1, William Hogarth

A Harlot's Progress Plate 1

William Hogarth, 1732
Architecture, Perspectives, Grotesques, Antiquities, Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Architecture, Perspectives, Grotesques, Antiquities

Giovanni Battista Piranesi, 1749
The Grand Piazza, Giovanni Battista Piranesi

The Grand Piazza

Giovanni Battista Piranesi, 1750
Analysis of Beauty: Plate 1, William Hogarth

Analysis of Beauty: Plate 1

William Hogarth, 1753
Analysis of Beauty: Plate 2, William Hogarth

Analysis of Beauty: Plate 2

William Hogarth, 1753
More Art Mediums
Ink, Mediums

Ink

From the caves to the desktop

Terracotta, Mediums

Terracotta

Lithography, Mediums

Lithography

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