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Romaine Brooks

La France Croisee, 1914

Fiercely independent lesbian paints Paris in shades of gray

Romaine Brooks grew up hard. Her mother, the american heiress Ella Goddard, wrote demonic poety, spoke to spirits, and doted on her violent, unstable only son — Romaine's brother St. Mar. Ella had no love for young Romaine, and abandoned her throughout her childhood — leaving Romaine with a New York washerwoman, and shuttling her off to a convent and religious bording schools in her teens.

By 1896, Brooks was 22 and over it. She threw off her mother's plans to make her a 'society wife' and moved to Rome to study art. As the only female student, she was sexually harassaed, and moved again to Paris. Without ties to her wealthy family, Brooks was soon broke, and began spending summers in the less expensive Capri. In Capri, Brooks found her people — the young homosexual intelegensia had made a place for themselves to live with some level of normalcy. 

Brooks's damaged brother St. Mar died unexpectedly in 1901 — and Romaine's life radically changed. With the male heir of her family dead, Brooks inherited a massive fortune. Untethered from poverty, she struck out on her own as a painter, painting friends and associates from the moody and glittering circles of creative society. Brooks would travel to and from Britian and Paris, painting and possibly romancing the Russian ballet dancer Ida Rubenstein, the Italian musician Renata Borgatti, and the French filmaker and war hero Gabriele D’Annunzio. 

At 41, Brooks met her match — the American writer Natalie Barney. The two became powerfully and sometimes jealously connected — eventually moving into a home divided so that Barney could host social guests, and Brooks could maintain her precious solitude. 

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The Red Jacket

The Red Jacket

1910
The Path

The Path

1911
La France Croisee

La France Croisee

1914
At The Seaside — Self-portrait

At The Seaside — Self-portrait

1914
Ida Rubinstein

Ida Rubinstein

1917
Renata Borgatti, Au Piano

Renata Borgatti, Au Piano

1920
The Marchesa Casati

The Marchesa Casati

1920
Chasseress

Chasseress

1920
Self-Portrait, 1923

Self-Portrait, 1923

1923
Peter (A Young English Girl)

Peter (A Young English Girl)

1923-1924
Una Troubridge

Una Troubridge

1924
La Baronne Emile D'Erlanger

La Baronne Emile D'Erlanger

1924

No Pleasant Memories

The unpublished memoirs of Romaine Brooks

1930

The artists of Symbolism