La France Croisee

Romaine Brooks

Portrait of Romaine Brooks

Fiercely independent lesbian paints Paris in shades of gray

Romaine Brooks grew up hard. Her mother, the american heiress Ella Goddard, wrote demonic poety, spoke to spirits, and doted on her violent, unstable only son — Romaine’s brother St. Mar. Ella had no love for young Romaine, and abandoned her throughout her childhood — leaving Romaine with a New York washerwoman, and shuttling her off to a convent and religious bording schools in her teens.

By 1896, Brooks was 22 and over it. She threw off her mother’s plans to make her a ‘society wife’ and moved to Rome to study art. As the only female student, she was sexually harassaed, and moved again to Paris. Without ties to her wealthy family, Brooks was soon broke, and began spending summers in the less expensive Capri. In Capri, Brooks found her people — the young homosexual intelegensia had made a place for themselves to live with some level of normalcy.

Brooks’s damaged brother St. Mar died unexpectedly in 1901 — and Romaine’s life radically changed. With the male heir of her family dead, Brooks inherited a massive fortune. Untethered from poverty, she struck out on her own as a painter, painting friends and associates from the moody and glittering circles of creative society. Brooks would travel to and from Britian and Paris, painting and possibly romancing the Russian ballet dancer Ida Rubenstein, the Italian musician Renata Borgatti, and the French filmaker and war hero Gabriele D’Annunzio.

At 41, Brooks met her match — the American writer Natalie Barney. The two became powerfully and sometimes jealously connected — eventually moving into a home divided so that Barney could host social guests, and Brooks could maintain her precious solitude.

Reed Enger, "Romaine Brooks, Fiercely independent lesbian paints Paris in shades of gray," in Obelisk Art History, Published February 24, 2016; last modified September 11, 2018,

Further reading
Read More

The Red Jacket


White Azaleas


The Path


Spring (La Primavera)

c. 1910-1913

At The Seaside — Self-portrait


La France Croisee


Ida Rubinstein


Weeping Venus




Renata Borgatti, Au Piano


The Marchesa Casati


Self-Portrait, 1923


La Baronne Emile D'Erlanger


Peter (A Young English Girl)


Una Troubridge


The unpublished memoirs of Romaine Brooks

No Pleasant Memories


Obelisk uses cookies to measure site usage, helping us understand our readers' interests and improve the site. By continuing to browse this site you agree to the use of cookies. Learn more