Trivium Art HistoryPiet Mondrian

Church Tower in Zeeland

Church Tower in Zeeland, 1911 — Piet Mondrian
114 cm75 cm

Church Tower in Zeeland is a Fauvist, Oil on Canvas Painting created by Piet Mondrian in 1911. It lives at the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag in The Hague. The image is tagged Church. Source

Piet Mondrian is famous for his rigorously geometric abstract paintings, but earlier in his career, like many of his fellow painters in the early 20th century, Mondrian painted landscapes. In 1911, Cubism was exploding in Paris, and Mondrian was vacationing in the Netherlands seaside town of Domburg, where his paintings of sand dunes and churches blended cubist shapes with fauvist color. 

In this bright portrait of one of the Zeeland province's many church towers, the evening sun sets fire to the brick façade and an evening shadow creeps up from below. After completing the image, Mondrian painted the edges of frame, a habit perhaps picked up from Georges Seurat's pointillist canvases, then sells the work to Anna Bruin, a local pharmacist and already avid collector of Mondrian's work.

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