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Romanticism

1800 - 1860

Artistic revolt against the Age of Enlightenment

Romantic art is not romantic in the contemporary sense. It’s not referring to romantic comedies, or relationships. The meaning has changed since the 19th century. If you describe a person, saying “she is a Romantic” you would be closer the right meaning and usage of the 19th century usage.

The period we call Romanticism covers, generally speaking, from the 1800-1860’s. Its themes were grand! The use of one's imagination and intuition were valued over rational thought. Rational thought brought revolution, war, and destruction. Francisco Goya’s etching  is a great example of Romanticism’s reaction to the Age of Enlightenment, and the pining to access something more human than just reason and logic. Many of the early Romantics turned to Nature for inspiration. The scale and the awe of nature became an ideal subject matter to express the inner life, the imagination and what it means to be human — a part of creation rather than separate from it. Our contemporary ideas of connecting Romance to travel, distant lands, awe-inspiring landscapes, can be directly linked back to the art, music and writing of this period.

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Romanticism: Artists

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Romanticism: Artworks

The Parasol

The Parasol

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1777
Christ on the Cross

Christ on the Cross

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1780
Fighting Cats

Fighting Cats

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1786-1788
Self Portrait at age 16

Self Portrait at age 16

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1791
Newton

Newton

William Blake,1795
The Night of Enitharmon’s Joy

The Night of Enitharmon’s Joy

William Blake,1795
Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Frontispiece)

Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Frontispiece)

William Blake,1795
Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Plate 4)

Visions of the Daughters of Albion (Plate 4)

William Blake,1795
Fishermen at Sea

Fishermen at Sea

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1796
The Sleep Of Reason Produces Monsters

The Sleep Of Reason Produces Monsters

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1799
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1799
God Forgive Her, It Was Her Mother

God Forgive Her, It Was Her Mother

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1799
The Clothed Maja

The Clothed Maja

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1800
The Nude Maja

The Nude Maja

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1800
Charles IV of Spain and His Family

Charles IV of Spain and His Family

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1800-1801
The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

William Blake,1803
Abbey among Oak Trees

Abbey among Oak Trees

Caspar David Friedrich,1809-1810
The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun

William Blake,1805-1810
Winter Landscape

Winter Landscape

Caspar David Friedrich,1811
Crowd in a Park

Crowd in a Park

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1812
Executions on the Third of May

Executions on the Third of May

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1814
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes,1815
Dido Building Carthage

Dido Building Carthage

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1815
Wivenhoe Park, Essex

Wivenhoe Park, Essex

John Constable,1816
Chalk Cliffs on Rügen

Chalk Cliffs on Rügen

Caspar David Friedrich,1818
The wanderer above the sea of fog

The wanderer above the sea of fog

Caspar David Friedrich,1818
The White Horse

The White Horse

John Constable,1819
Mountain with Ascending Mist

Mountain with Ascending Mist

Caspar David Friedrich,1819-1820
Hampstead Heath with Bathers

Hampstead Heath with Bathers

John Constable,1821
Moonrise over the Sea

Moonrise over the Sea

Caspar David Friedrich,1822
The Lone Tree

The Lone Tree

Caspar David Friedrich,1822
Rocky ravine in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains

Rocky ravine in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains

Caspar David Friedrich,1822-1823
The Battle of Trafalgar

The Battle of Trafalgar

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1822-1824
The Ford Under The Bended Tree

The Ford Under The Bended Tree

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot,1825
Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds

Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds

John Constable,1825
Marino, Large Buildings on the Rocks

Marino, Large Buildings on the Rocks

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot,1826-1827
Seascape Study with Rain Cloud

Seascape Study with Rain Cloud

John Constable,1827
Two Men Contemplating the Moon

Two Men Contemplating the Moon

Caspar David Friedrich,1825-1830
The Life Stages

The Life Stages

Caspar David Friedrich,1834
Stonehenge

Stonehenge

John Constable,1835
Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight

Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1835
A View of the Mountain Pass Called the Notch of the White Mountains (Crawford Notch)

A View of the Mountain Pass Called the Notch of the White Mountains (Crawford Notch)

Thomas Cole,1839
The Fighting Téméraire

The Fighting Téméraire

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1839
The Dream of the Architect

The Dream of the Architect

Thomas Cole,1840
The Slave Ship

The Slave Ship

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1840
War. The Exile and the Rock Limpet

War. The Exile and the Rock Limpet

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1842
The Voyage of Life: Old Age

The Voyage of Life: Old Age

Thomas Cole,1842
Snow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth

Snow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1842
North Cape

North Cape

Peder Balke,1844
Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway

Rain, Steam, and Speed - The Great Western Railway

Joseph Mallord William Turner,1844
Steigen

Steigen

Peder Balke,1847-1849
Lighthouse on the Norwegian Coast

Lighthouse on the Norwegian Coast

Peder Balke,1855
Seine Landscape Near Chatou

Seine Landscape Near Chatou

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot,1855
The Inferno, Canto 21

The Inferno, Canto 21

Gustave Doré,1861
The Inferno, Canto 15

The Inferno, Canto 15

Gustave Doré,1861
The Inferno, Canto 7

The Inferno, Canto 7

Gustave Doré,1861
The Inferno, Canto 5

The Inferno, Canto 5

Gustave Doré,1861
Reverie

Reverie

Dante Gabriel Rossetti,1868
Paradiso, Canto 34

Paradiso, Canto 34

Gustave Doré,1868
Coastal Landscape with Wreck

Coastal Landscape with Wreck

Peder Balke,1860-1869
Vardøhus Fortress

Vardøhus Fortress

Peder Balke,1870
Månelys

Månelys

Peder Balke,1870
Northern Lights

Northern Lights

Peder Balke,1870
The Northern Lights over Four Men in a Rowboat

The Northern Lights over Four Men in a Rowboat

Peder Balke,1887
Romantic Landscape

Romantic Landscape

Luigi Russolo,1944

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