Trivium Art History
Themes in Art

Mythology

Myths are the stories and legends we create to explain human nature, morality, and what goes bump in the night. The Sumerians told their children of god-kings enforcing justice, and radical minds like William Blake created fearsome personal mythologies of good and evil.

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Temple of Bacchus

Temple of Bacchus

Giovanni Battista Piranesi1767
The Triumph of Bacchus

The Triumph of Bacchus

Diego Velázquez1628-1629
Return of Spring

Return of Spring

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1886
Temptations of St Jerome

Temptations of St Jerome

Giorgio Vasari1541
Assumption of the Virgin

Assumption of the Virgin

Titian1516-1518
The Mourning of Christ

The Mourning of Christ

Giotto di Bondone1304-1306
The Garden of Love

The Garden of Love

Peter Paul Rubens1633
The Feast of Venus

The Feast of Venus

Peter Paul Rubens1636-1637
Our Lady of Peace

Our Lady of Peace

Evelyn De Morgan1902
Cupid as Victor

Cupid as Victor

Caravaggio1601
Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

Gian Lorenzo Bernini1647-1652
Chloe's Judgement

Chloe's Judgement

Marc Chagall1961
Apollo of Veii

Apollo of Veii

550 BCE-520 BCE
Head of Brahma

Head of Brahma

900 CE-925 CE
Head of Shiva

Head of Shiva

900 CE-925 CE
Head of Vishnu

Head of Vishnu

900 CE-925 CE
Bust of Five-Headed Shiva

Bust of Five-Headed Shiva

950 CE
Ariadne Abandoned by Theseus

Ariadne Abandoned by Theseus

Angelica Kauffmann1774
Bacchus and Ariadne

Bacchus and Ariadne

Angelica Kauffmann1794
Bacchus

Bacchus

Caravaggio1596
Diana the Huntress

Diana the Huntress

Giampietrino1526
Andromeda

Andromeda

François Auguste René Rodin1885-1886
The Meal at Drya's House

The Meal at Drya's House

Marc Chagall1961
Proserpine

Proserpine

Dante Gabriel Rossetti1882
Danaë

Danaë

Gustav Klimt1907-1908
Laocoön

Laocoön

William Blake1825-1827
Narcissus

Narcissus

Caravaggio1594-1596
The Goddess Aurora Triumphing Over Night

The Goddess Aurora Triumphing Over Night

Jean-Honoré Fragonard1755-1756
The Goddess Minvera

The Goddess Minvera

Jean-Honoré Fragonard1772
Pandora

Pandora

Alexandre Cabanel1873
Female Allegory

Female Allegory

Angelica Kauffmann1780
The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons

The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons

Jacques-Louis David1789
The Death of Socrates

The Death of Socrates

Jacques-Louis David1787
The Intervention of the Sabine Women

The Intervention of the Sabine Women

Jacques-Louis David1795-1799
The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis

The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis

Jacques-Louis David1818
Saturn Devouring one of his Children

Saturn Devouring one of his Children

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1823
Laocoön

Laocoön

El Greco1604-1614
The Dream of the Architect

The Dream of the Architect

Thomas Cole1840
Diane Hunting

Diane Hunting

Marie Laurencin1908
Adonis Relinquishing Venus for the Hunt

Adonis Relinquishing Venus for the Hunt

Titian1460
Bacchus and Ariadne

Bacchus and Ariadne

Titian1522-1523
Sisyphus

Sisyphus

Titian1548-1549
Mars, Venus and Amor

Mars, Venus and Amor

Titian1530
The Fall of Phaeton

The Fall of Phaeton

Peter Paul Rubens1604-1605
Chasseress

Chasseress

Romaine Brooks1920
Portia Wounding her Thigh

Portia Wounding her Thigh

Elisabetta Sirani1664
Diana and her Companions

Diana and her Companions

Johannes Vermeer1653-1654
Phaethon

Phaethon

Gustave Moreau1878
The Muses Leaving Their Father Apollo

The Muses Leaving Their Father Apollo

Gustave Moreau1868
Centaur

Centaur

Odilon Redon1895-1900
Les Origines — Plate 3

Les Origines — Plate 3

Odilon Redon1883
The Cyclops

The Cyclops

Odilon Redon1914
Pygmalion and the Image — The Godhead Fires

Pygmalion and the Image — The Godhead Fires

Edward Burne-Jones1878
Pygmalion and the Image — The Heart Desires

Pygmalion and the Image — The Heart Desires

Edward Burne-Jones1878
Phyllis and Demophoon

Phyllis and Demophoon

Edward Burne-Jones1870
Hesiod and the Muses

Hesiod and the Muses

Gustave Moreau1870

Wonders are many, and none is more wonderful than man

Antigone, by Sophocles

442 BCE
Chimera of Arezzo

Chimera of Arezzo

400 BCE
Aeneid

AeneidThe adventures of Aeneis the Trojan, and what happens when the gods hate you

Virgil19 CE
Metamorphoses

MetamorphosesThe transformations of man and gods from before formation of the world

Ovid1 CE
The Iliad

The Iliad

Homer800 BCE
Penelope

Penelope

Carlo Carrà1917
Leda and the Swan

Leda and the Swan

Cy Twombly1962
The Odyssey of Odysseus

The Odyssey of Odysseus

Adolf Hirémy-Hirschl1933
Between Scylla and Charybdis

Between Scylla and Charybdis

Adolf Hirémy-Hirschl1910
Daedalus and Icarus

Daedalus and Icarus

Anthony van Dyck1615-1625
Cassandra

Cassandra

Evelyn De Morgan1898
The Death of Hyacinth

The Death of Hyacinth

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo1752-1753
Apollo and Daphne

Apollo and Daphne

Gian Lorenzo Bernini1622-1655
The Goat Amalthea with the Infant Jupiter and a Faun

The Goat Amalthea with the Infant Jupiter and a Faun

Gian Lorenzo Bernini1615
Cista Depicting a Dionysian Revel and Perseus with Medusa's Head

Cista Depicting a Dionysian Revel and Perseus with Medusa's Head

400 BCE
Statue of Artemis Ephesus

Statue of Artemis Ephesus

2 BCE
Athena

Athena

100 BCE
Apollo Seated With Lyre

Apollo Seated With Lyre

200 CE
Tetradrachm

Tetradrachm

499 BCE
The Braschi Antinous

The Braschi Antinous

138 CE
Hermione

Hermione

Sarah Bernhardt1875
Aglauros’s Vision of the Bridal Chamber of Herse

Aglauros’s Vision of the Bridal Chamber of Herse

1570
Lincoln Memorial

Lincoln Memorial

Henry Bacon, Daniel Chester French1914-1922
Griffin

Griffin

Martin Schongauer1491
Young Hercules

Young Hercules

69 CE-96 CE
Hercules of the Forum Boarium

Hercules of the Forum Boarium

1 CE
Hercules of the Theatre of Pompey

Hercules of the Theatre of Pompey

2 CE
Greek Drinking Vessel

Greek Drinking Vessel

550 BCE
Bronze Statuette of Jupiter

Bronze Statuette of Jupiter

200 CE
Leda and the Swan

Leda and the Swan

Gustave Moreau1882
Lady Lilith

Lady Lilith

Dante Gabriel Rossetti1866-1873
Mosaic Floor with Head of Medusa

Mosaic Floor with Head of Medusa

115 CE-150 CE
Theseus and the Minotaur

Theseus and the Minotaur

Edward Burne-Jones1861
Kohada Koheiji

Kohada Koheiji

Katsushika Hokusai1831
Les Origines — Cover

Les Origines — Cover

Odilon Redon1883
The Chimaeras

The Chimaeras

Gustave Moreau1884
The Earth Spider Creating Monsters

The Earth Spider Creating Monsters

Utagawa Kuniyoshi1843
The Sleep Of Reason Produces Monsters

The Sleep Of Reason Produces Monsters

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes1799
Dragon

Dragon

Richard Teschner1928
Water Sprite, (Wassermann)

Water Sprite, (Wassermann)

Richard Teschner1913
Still from Nachtstücke

Still from Nachtstücke

Richard Teschner1913
Master-of-Animals Standard

Master-of-Animals Standard

800 BCE
Mjaðveig Mánadóttir

Mjaðveig Mánadóttir

Ásgrímur Jónsson1957-1958
The Passenger

The Passenger

Leonor Fini1964
Minotaur or Faun and Nymph

Minotaur or Faun and Nymph

François Auguste René Rodin1886
Wedding Feast in the Nymphs Grotto

Wedding Feast in the Nymphs Grotto

Marc Chagall1961
Echo

Echo

Alexandre Cabanel1874
The Nymph Echo

The Nymph Echo

Max Ernst1936
Fantasy

Fantasy

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes1866
Perseus Releases Andromeda

Perseus Releases Andromeda

Peter Paul Rubens1622
Perseus and Andromeda

Perseus and Andromeda

90 BCE
Psyche Abandoned

Psyche Abandoned

Jacques-Louis David1795
The Abduction of Psyche

The Abduction of Psyche

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1895
Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss

Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss

Antonio Canova1787-1793
Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche

Trophime Bigot1642
Sappho and Phaon

Sappho and Phaon

Jacques-Louis David1809
Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene

Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene

Simeon Solomon1864
Nymph and Satyr

Nymph and Satyr

Alexandre Cabanel1860
Oedipus and the Sphinx

Oedipus and the Sphinx

Gustave Moreau1864
Great Sphinx of Giza

Great Sphinx of Giza

2500 BCE
Pyxis and Lid with Sphinx-Shaped Handle

Pyxis and Lid with Sphinx-Shaped Handle

650 BCE
Self-Portrait as a Sphinx

Self-Portrait as a Sphinx

Sarah Bernhardt1880
The Sphinx and the Pyramids

The Sphinx and the Pyramids

A. O. Lamplough1919
The Three Graces

The Three Graces

Marie Laurencin1921
The Three Graces

The Three Graces

Marie Bracquemond1880
The Three Graces

The Three Graces

200 CE
Psyche Panel 7 — Cupid Carrying Psyche Up to Heaven

Psyche Panel 7 — Cupid Carrying Psyche Up to Heaven

Maurice Denis1908
Psyche Panel 1 — Eros is Struck by Psyche's Beauty

Psyche Panel 1 — Eros is Struck by Psyche's Beauty

Maurice Denis1908
Psyche Panel 2 — Zephyr Transporting Psyche to the Island of Delight

Psyche Panel 2 — Zephyr Transporting Psyche to the Island of Delight

Maurice Denis1908
Psyche Panel 3 — Psyche Discovers that Her Mysterious Lover is Eros

Psyche Panel 3 — Psyche Discovers that Her Mysterious Lover is Eros

Maurice Denis1908
Psyche Panel 6 — Psyche's Kin Bid Her Farewell

Psyche Panel 6 — Psyche's Kin Bid Her Farewell

Maurice Denis1908
The Odyssey

The Odyssey

Homer800 BCE
Venus Verticordia

Venus Verticordia

Dante Gabriel Rossetti1863-1868
The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus

William-Adolphe Bouguereau1879
The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus

Alexandre Cabanel1863
Venus, Cupid, and Satyr

Venus, Cupid, and Satyr

Agnolo Bronzino1553-1554
An Allegory with Venus and Cupid

An Allegory with Venus and Cupid

Agnolo Bronzino1545
The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus

Odilon Redon1912
Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces

Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces

Jacques-Louis David1822-1824
Venus and Cupid

Venus and Cupid

Artemisia Gentileschi1625-1630
Psyche Panel 4 — The Vengeance of Venus

Psyche Panel 4 — The Vengeance of Venus

Maurice Denis1908
Venus Rising from the Sea

Venus Rising from the Sea

Gustave Moreau1866
Sacred and Profane Love

Sacred and Profane Love

Titian1514
The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus

Sandro Botticelli1483-1485
Statue of Aphrodite

Statue of Aphrodite

100 CE
Venus Italica

Venus Italica

Antonio Canova1822-1823
Venus of Dolní Věstonice

Venus of Dolní Věstonice

29000 BCE
The Sleeping Lady

The Sleeping Lady

4000 BCE-2000 BCE
Venus of the Hollow Rock

Venus of the Hollow Rock

40000 BCE
Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto

Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto

Caravaggio1597
Psyche Panel 5 — Jupiter Bestows Immortality on Psyche

Psyche Panel 5 — Jupiter Bestows Immortality on Psyche

Maurice Denis1908