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The Phillips Collection

The Wine Press

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, 1865

Massilia, Greek Colony

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, 1868-1869

Portrait of Amelia Van Buren

Thomas Eakins, 1891

Two Girls

Berthe Morisot, 1894

Migration Series No.37: Many migrants found work in the steel industry

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.59: In the North they had the freedom to vote

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.17: Tenant farmers received harsh treatment at the hands of the planter

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.39: Railroad platforms were piled high with luggage

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.19: There had always been discrimination

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.41: The South was desperate to keep its cheap labor. Northern labor agents were jailed or forced to operate in secrecy

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.21: Families arrived at the station very early. They did not wish to miss their trains north

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.43: In a few sections of the South leaders of both Black and White communities met to discuss ways of making the South a good place to live

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.1: During World War I there was a great migration north by southern African Americans

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.23: The migration spread

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.45: The migrants arrived in Pittsburgh, one of the great industrial centers of the North

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.3: From every southern town migrants left by the hundreds to travel north

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.25: They left their homes. Soon some communities were left almost empty

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.47: As the migrant population grew, good housing became scarce. Workers were forced to live in overcrowded and dilapidated tenement houses

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.5: Migrants were advanced passage on the railroads, paid for by northern industry. Northern industry was to be repaid by the migrants out of their future wages

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.27: Many men stayed behind until they could take their families north with them

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.49: They found discrimination in the North. It was a different kind

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.7: The migrant, whose life had been rural and nurtured by the earth, was now moving to urban life dependent on industrial machinery

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.29: The labor agent recruited unsuspecting laborers as strike breakers for northern industries

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.51: African Americans seeking to find better housing attempted to move into new areas. This resulted in the bombing of their new homes

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.9: They left because the boll weevil had ravaged the cotton crop

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.31: The migrants found improved housing when they arrived north

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.53: African Americans, long-time residents of northern cities, met the migrants with aloofness and disdain

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.11: Food had doubled in price because of the war

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.33: Letters from relatives in the North told of the better life there

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.55: The migrants, having moved suddenly into a crowded and unhealthy environment, soon contracted tuberculosis. The death rate rose

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.13: The crops were left to dry and rot. There was no one to tend them

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.35: They left the South in great numbers. They arrived in the North in great numbers

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.57: The female workers were the last to arrive north

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941

Migration Series No.15: There were lynchings

Jacob Lawrence, 1940-1941
Featured Collections

Metropolitan Museum of Art

Gemeentemuseum Den Haag

The last Mondrian in a modernist palace

Smithsonian American Art Museum

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