Trivium Art History
James McNeill Whistler

Arrangement in Grey and Black No.1

Arrangement in Grey and Black No.1, 1871 — James McNeill Whistler,
144.3 cm162.4 cm

Yes, this artwork is also known as Whistler's Mother.

James Whistler was a notorious formalist, who's pursuit of art for art's sake led to his portraiture taking on monumental form. Here, his mother blurs the line between foreground and background in a strict composition of right angles, mirrored by her frighteningly severe expression. The piece's formal title, Arrangement in Grey and Black No.1, expressly defines the work as an art object, rather than a representation of a specific person. Naturally, this confused and purtubed it's Victorian era audience, and so Whistler consented to a subtitle: Portrait of the Painter's mother. Either way, this woman was clearly not to be trifled with.

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