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Musée du Louvre

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The Louvre or the Louvre Museum is one of the world's largest museums and a historic monument. A central landmark of Paris, France, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement (district). Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres (652,300 square feet). The Louvre is the world's most visited museum, and received more than 9.7 million visitors in 2012.

The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture. In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years.[3] During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum to display the nation's masterpieces.

The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum renamed the Musée Napoléon, but after Napoleon's abdication many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and gifts since the Third Republic. As of 2008, the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.

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Bull Head from Girsu (Telloh)

Bull Head from Girsu (Telloh)

3000 BCE
The Eannatum Boulder

The Eannatum Boulder

2450 BCE
Perforated plaque of Dudu

Perforated plaque of Dudu

Entemena, King of Lagash2450 BCE
Silver Vase with Cuneiform

Silver Vase with Cuneiform

Entemena, King of Lagash2400 BCE
Clay Nails - A Treaty of Fraternity

Clay Nails - A Treaty of Fraternity

Entemena, King of Lagash2400 BCE
Hinge inscripted with Entemena

Hinge inscripted with Entemena

Entemena, King of Lagash2400 BCE
Cone of Entmetena

Cone of Entmetena

Entemena, King of Lagash2400 BCE
Stele of the Vultures - Historical Side

Stele of the Vultures - Historical Side

2350 BCE
Stele of the Vultures - Mythological Side

Stele of the Vultures - Mythological Side

2350 BCE
Inscription by Naram-Sin: Temple Construction

Inscription by Naram-Sin: Temple Construction

Naram-Sin2250 BCE
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

Naram-Sin2230 BCE
Gudea cylinders

Gudea cylinders

Gudea, King of Lagash2125 BCE
Gudea Diorite Sculpture

Gudea Diorite Sculpture

Gudea, King of Lagash2120 BCE-2120 BCE
Hymn to Iddin-Dagan

Hymn to Iddin-Dagan

1950 BCE
The Head of Hammurabi

The Head of Hammurabi

Hammurabi1790 BCE
Law Code of Hammurabi

Law Code of Hammurabi

Hammurabi1750 BCE
Detail: Law Code of Hammurabi

Detail: Law Code of Hammurabi

Hammurabi1750 BCE
Peplos Kore

Peplos Kore

530 BCE
Portrait of Aristotle

Portrait of Aristotle

100
Portrait of a Young Woman

Portrait of a Young Woman

200
Daughter of Mousaios, Funerary Stele

Daughter of Mousaios, Funerary Stele

250
Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata

Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata

Giotto di Bondone1295-1300
Portrait of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta

Portrait of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta

Piero della Francesca1451
Self-portrait at age 22

Self-portrait at age 22

Albrecht Dürer1493
Pastoral Concert

Pastoral Concert

GiorgioneTitian1509
Autumn

Autumn

Giuseppe Arcimboldo1573
Fortune Teller

Fortune Teller

Caravaggio1594
The Astronomer

The Astronomer

Johannes Vermeer1668
The Lacemaker

The Lacemaker

Johannes Vermeer1669-1670
Prologue to Law Code of Hammurabi

Prologue to Law Code of Hammurabi

Hammurabi1780-1780
Portrait of Madame Molé-Reymond

Portrait of Madame Molé-Reymond

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun1786
The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons

The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons

Jacques-Louis David1789
Self-portrait in the Guise of a Mockingbird

Self-portrait in the Guise of a Mockingbird

Joseph Ducreux1791
Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss

Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss

Antonio Canova1787-1793
Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Jacques-Louis David1794
The Intervention of the Sabine Women

The Intervention of the Sabine Women

Jacques-Louis David1795-1799
The Flood

The Flood

Anne-Louis Girodet1806
Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine

Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine

Jacques-Louis David1805-1807
Phaethon

Phaethon

Gustave Moreau1878
The Smiling Spider

The Smiling Spider

Odilon Redon1881

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